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English 101: English Literature Final Exam

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1. What is one of the themes of Oscar Wilde's novel The Picture of Dorian Gray?

2. The line 'Theirs not to reason why / Theirs but to do or die' comes from what work?

3. The opening lines of Eliot's Prufrock (Let us go then, you and I / When the evening is spread out against the sky / Like a patient etherized upon a table) serve which purpose (of the following)?

4. The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe is a Gothic novel. What other English novel has Gothic elements?

5. What is the defining feature of alliterative verse?

6. Who wrote Doctor Faustus?

7. What is the term for the sections of Byron's Don Juan?

8. Who wrote Robinson Crusoe?

9. In Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, what is the name of the character who inspires Christian to go on his journey?

10. What caused Ruskin's interest in socioeconomic justice?

11. Jonathan Swift is famous for this satire. What English novelist is also well-known for writing satire?

12. Which of the following is NOT a strategy to answer multiple-choice literature questions?

13. What is the period after 1660 called in English literature?

14. What is one reason Othello is unusual among Shakespeare's title characters?

15. What work of Jonson's did Samuel Taylor Coleridge call one of the most perfect plots in all of literature?

16. Which poem in Blake's Songs of Experience describes an 'invisible worm' that 'flies in the night'?

17. Which Radcliffe character is said to delight in 'the difficulties and tempests of life, which wreck the happiness of others'?

18. Alexander Pope is known for translating what Greek poet?

19. Who wrote the poem My Last Duchess?

20. In Shakespeare's Macbeth, Lady Macbeth constantly sees blood on her hands even though there really isn't blood there. What literary device is this?


The lines below are from what poem?

When old age shall this generation waste,

Thou shalt remain, in midst of other woe

Than ours, a friend to man, to whom thou say'st,

'Beauty is truth, truth beauty,--that is all

Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know.'


The lines below are from what epic poem?

'In ancient Greece; and in Ausonian land

Men called him Mulciber; and how he fell

From Heaven they fabled, thrown by angry Jove

Sheer o'er the crystal battlements: from morn

To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve....'

23. In Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre, what happens to Thornfield Hall?

24. Literarily speaking, Alexander Pope's greatest influences are...

25. What legendary literary character is included in Scott's 'Ivanhoe'?

26. In Shakespeare's Richard III, who ultimately kills Richard?


What play are the following lines from?

'Two households, both alike in dignity,

In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,

From ancient grudge break to new mutiny

Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.

From forth the fatal loins of these two foes

A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life…'

28. In Austen's Pride and Prejudice, who is Mr. Collins?

29. What is the theme of Chaucer's Knight's Tale and the Wife of Bath's Tale?

30. Pilgrim's Progress is what kind of work?

31. George Bernard Shaw and E.M. Forster both explored in their work.

32. In Dickens' 'A Tale of Two Cities,' what code name do the revolutionaries use?

33. In which year did Chaucer die?

34. In terms of poetry, Shakespeare is probably most known for what form?

35. Writer Oscar Wilde was influenced by this English critic, whose most famous work is the series Modern Painters.


What poem are the following lines from?

'One after one, by the star-dogg'd Moon,

Too quick for groan or sigh,

Each turn'd his face with a ghastly pang,

And cursed me with his eye.

Four time fifty living men

(And I heard nor sigh nor groan),

With heavy thump, a lifeless lump,

They dropp'd down one by one.

The souls did from their bodies fly-

They fled to bliss or woe!

And every soul, it pass'd me by

Like the whizz of my crossbow!'

37. In Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, after the couple's wedding night, why are the nightingale and lark referenced?

38. When was the Modernist period?

39. What is one device Mary Shelley uses to write Frankenstein?


The following lines are from what poem?

'Turning and turning in the widening gyre

The falcon cannot hear the falconer;

Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold'

41. What does 'Renaissance' mean?

42. Which of Marlowe's plays do critics consider a turning point for thematic and plot complexity in Elizabethan theater?

43. Prospero is one of the main characters in what work?

44. One of Blake's most famous epic poems depicts Blake interacting with which writer?

45. When was Old English spoken?

46. Which event from 'David Copperfield' also happened in Dickens' life?

47. What type of play is Shakespeare's Richard III?

48. What is one of the central themes of Shelley's 'Ozymandias'?

49. What two literary styles did Philip Sidney most importantly contribute to?

50. Who was NOT a member of the Modernist movement?

51. Lord Byron was a member of what literary movement?

52. In Wilde's Dorian Grey, why does Dorian hide the painting?

53. Who wrote the novel Ulysses?

54. If we were to analyze Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice using feminist theory, what might we say?

55. What historical event inspired Shelley to write 'Ode to the West Wind'?

56. In Conrad's 'Heart of Darkness,' our narrator, Charles Marlow, goes to Africa to bring back... (A) ivory (B) rogue trader Mr. Kurtz (C) money (D) natives.

57. Which of the following represents the rhyme scheme for a Petrarchan sonnet?


The following lines are taken from what poem?

'I cannot rest from travel: I will drink

Life to the lees: all times I have enjoyed

Greatly, have suffered greatly, both with those

That loved me, and alone; on shore, and when

Through scudding drifts the rainy Hyades

Vexed the dim sea: I am become a name;

For always roaming with a hungry heart

Much have I seen and known; cities of men

And manners, climates, councils, governments,

Myself not least, but honoured of them all;

And drunk delight of battle with my peers,

Far on the ringing plains of windy Troy.'

59. Who is the protagonist in Heart of Darkness?

60. In The Picture of Dorian Gray, the main character makes a deal with the devil. What other English writer addressed a similar bargain in his/her work?

61. What English writer helped to popularize aestheticism?

62. Which plays are considered Shakespeare's history plays?

63. In Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, who does Crusoe meet when shipwrecked that becomes his companion?

64. Which lines from Eliot's 'The Waste Land' may offer an explanation of the poem's disjointed structure and inclusion of countless snippets of other texts?

65. One Romantic writer and artist had an especially large impression on the post-World War II world. This writer is know for his book The Marriage of Heaven and Hell and his engravings and paintings. What writer is this?

66. If we were going to use postcolonial theory to analyze Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, what might we say?

67. In Dickens' Oliver Twist, which element of Oliver's story is similar to Dickens' own life?

68. Throughout Charlotte Bronte's novel, Jane Eyre, there are many images of ice, coldness, and frost. What literary device is Bronte using here?

69. What is the basic unit of measurement in poetry?

70. In 'On First Looking into Chapman's Homer,' when he describes himself as being 'like some watcher of the skies,' to what moment is Keats alluding?

71. When was Wuthering Heights published?

72. Lord Byron's travels throughout Portugal, Greece and other nations inspired which work?

73. James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre are both what genre (type) of novel.

74. In William Shakespeare's Hamlet, Yorick's skull is used to represent death. What literary device is this?

75. Pride and Prejudice has what large symbol?

76. D.H. Lawrence was a part of what literary movement?

77. Both E.M. Forster's A Passage to Ending and Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness focus on what?

78. When was E.M. Forster's novel, A Passage to India, published?

79. What is Geoffrey Chaucer's most famous work?


Which is closest in meaning to lines 1-2 (from Chaucer's Canterbury Tales)?

Whan that Aprille, with hise shoures soote, /

The droghte of March hath perced to the roote /

And bathed every veyne in swich licour, /

Of which vertu engendred is the flour;

81. Who is best known for her essay, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman?

82. Modernist Virginia Woolf once said, 'The magnificent book that, with all its imperfections, is one of the few English novels written for grown-up people,' about George Eliot's most well-known novel. What novel is this?


'Lines Composed a few miles above Tintern Abbey' is a poem by William Wordsworth. The lines below represent one of the Romantic ideals. Which ideal is represented here?

'...and again I hear

These waters, rolling from their mountain-springs

With a soft inland murmur.-Once again

Do I behold these steep and lofty cliffs,

That on a wild and secluded scene impress

Thoughts of more deep seclusion; and connect

The landscape with the quiet of the sky.'

84. What literary technique is Jonathan Swift most known for?

85. What narrative device does Virginia Woolf use in To the Lighthouse?


What character is described below:

She wears her old wedding dress and never leaves the house. She only wears one shoe and all of the clocks in her house are stopped. The author calls her the 'witch of the place.'

87. This author's novels were sometimes idealized representations of Victorian life in which characters who worked hard would eventually succeed or overcome any obstacle.

88. All of the following Shakespeare plays are tragedies except:

89. How are Viginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway and James Joyce's Ulysses similar?

90. What is one theme of E.M. Forster's novel, Howard's End?

91. In Shakespeare's Richard III, when does Richard acknowledge that he's a villain?

92. The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas was written by whom?

93. Which is NOT an element of Romanticism?

94. Which one of the following texts is NOT written in Middle English?

95. What time period was George Eliot writing in?

96. True or False: We don't know who wrote the famous epic poem Beowulf?

97. In Swift's Gulliver's Travels, the Houyhnhms are primarily categorized by what trait?


What poem are the following lines from:

'Lo I the man, whose Muse whilome did maske,

As time her taught, in lowly Shepheards weeds,

Am now enforst a far unfitter taske,

For trumpets sterne to chaunge mine Oaten reeds,

And sing of Knights and Ladies gentle deeds;

Whose prayses hauing slept in silence long,

Me, all too meane, the sacred Muse areeds

To blazon broad emongst her learned throng:

Fierce warres and faithfull loues shall moralize my song.'

99. Joyce's Ulysses was published, along with T.S. Eliot's poem 'The Waste Land,' in this year, known as the 'Annus mirabilis' ('wonderful year') of modernist literature:

100. In his poem, The Waste Land, T.S. Eliot makes a reference to Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales. What literary device is this?