History 101: Western Civilization I Final Exam

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1. Which of the following is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Islam?

2. What happened to papal authority in the Late Middle Ages?

3. To promote democracy Perikles did each of the following EXCEPT:

4. Which of the following explains the meaning of Plato's 'Allegory of the Cave?'

5. The Bronze Age is defined by the new metal common at the time, but why was this so important to the development of cities?

6. How did Jesus Christ both connect and divide Christianity and Judaism?

7. Why was Joan of Arc significant to the Hundred Years' War?

8. What sparked the beginning of the Peloponnesian War?

9. The first Tudor monarch was

10. Which term refers to the illness that wiped out a third of Europe's population in the fourteenth century?

11. How did the differences between Abu Bakr and Ali Talib affect the future of Islam?

12. How did the Commercial Revolution affect the populations of Europe?

13. How were knights able to control their horses during battle?

14. Compared to the Greeks and Arabs, the European knights who went on crusade were

15. Which of the following statements correctly characterizes the Mongols?

16. The Iliad ends with the funeral of

17. Which of the following represents a distinction between belief and knowledge, an issue very important to Socrates.

18. In which areas did Islam not become popular in the 14th century?

19. Why were parliaments important to the development of the nation-state?

20. What was the purpose of creating a republic in Rome?

21. The Italian city-states benefited greatly from the Crusades because

22. Which did not lead to a schism within the Church in 1054?

23. Egypt flourished due to the Nile River. Why did other areas with rivers, like the Euphrates and Tigris, not see the same level of advancement?

24. Which was a result of the Protestant Reformation in Europe?

25. Why was religion a driver of the Thirty Years' War?

26. How was the dispute with Mary, Queen of Scots resolved?

27. Which emperor created a code of laws that is still considered the basis for Western law?

28. How did the Byzantine Empire emerge?

29. Which of the following was NOT a reason for the emergence of the nation-state?

30. How did the Germanic peoples affect the rise of the Byzantine Empire?

31. Which sophisticated culture lived on the Greek island Crete?

32. How did Charlemagne affect the feudal system?

33. How did Julius Caesar contribute to the fall of Rome's republic?

34. Alexander used which of the following methods when building his empire

35. Which of the following was an immediate result of the Age of Exploration?

36. Why was the invention of the longbow important?

37. Who was first to experience great profit by conquering land in the New World?

38. Who was not involved in the Long War?

39. Which of the following was the attempt of the Catholic church to address the concerns of Catholic reformers and Protestants?

40. Which of the following did not lead to peasant revolts in the 14th century?

41. Which of the following best describes Christianity's relationship with the Roman Empire?

42. Which of these was a major achievement of the Byzantine Empire?

43. Which of the following groups of people did not have a voice in shaping Roman law?

44. What is the significance of the development of the Greek alphabet to Homer's epics?

45. Through the actions of the Pardoner, Chaucer shows corruption in the church's practice of

46. Stoicism originated in

47. What did the Inquisition entail?

48. The arch was far superior to post and lintel construction because

49. What was the impact of Sulla's destruction of the Roman tribune and assembly?

50. Which of the following was a conquistador?

51. Which of the following is a difference between Sumerian and Assyrian architecture?

52. Why did the Fourth Crusade hasten the decline of the Byzantine Empire?

53. What was a key difference between Pedro Alvarez Cabral and Vasco Nunez de Balboa?

54. What common thread exists among nearly every hierarchical system in history?

55. Which leader was the most successful in leading Athens' democracy?

56. Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?

57. Who of these clergymen cared for the daily needs of the parish?

58. Which of the following was not something Jews in the Middle Ages had to fear?

59. Why did Christopher Columbus fail to reach India?

60. How did Descartes believe perceptions could be wrong?

61. Which tribe was most likely to assimilate into its surrounding culture?

62. What event caused France to enter the Thirty Years' War?

63. What was the importance of the sacraments before the Reformation?

64. How did the Second Caliphate alter the spread of Islam?

65. What was the result of the Great Schism?

66. Odysseus' wife, Penelope, does not send her suitors away because

67. What made Ponce de Leon so famous?

68. Which of the following is an event that came out of the drama with Mary, Queen of Scots?

69. What were Greek myths used to explain?

70. Protestants were known by many different terms in different countries. All of the following refer to Protestants EXCEPT:

71. Which of the following countries remained largely unaffected by the Protestant Reformation?

72. Louis XIV redesigned the Louvre in order to

73. Which of the following was NOT an action, goal, or belief of Martin Luther?

74. Which of the following was the most important aspect of the Renaissance in the formation of the nation-state?

75. Septimius Severus improved the Roman military by

76. This is the name for the holy month of fasting:

77. Who was named the Father of the Nation in the Roman Empire?

78. Describe the Defenestration of Prague.

79. What was the result of the Hundred Years' War?

80. Gilgamesh is described as

81. The Medici family ruled over the city of

82. What was NOT an economic result of European colonization?

83. Which of the following best explains the relationship between Pax Romana and the decline of the Roman Empire?

84. Which of the following best explains the significance of the Code of Hammurabi?

85. Which does not describe Machiavelli's political theory?

86. Who was Mary, Queen of Scots and why was she important?

87. Which of the following best represents a distinction between the philosophies of Plato and Socrates?

88. Which term refers to Richelieu's view that the French monarchy should hold supreme power over its people?

89. Which one of these were NOT a reason for Italy being the birthplace of the Renaissance?

90. Which of the following did not contribute to the success of the agricultural lifestyle over nomadic culture?

91. What structure developed during prehistory to keep labor and resources divided among growing populations of agricultural groups?

92. How was Renaissance art not influenced by humanism?

93. During the Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy:

94. Which of the following was an effect of Luther's theses on Germany?

95. How did the decline and fall of the Roman Empire affect Christianity.

96. Which of the following was essential to the transition from villages to cities?

97. Each of the following pairs matches a god to his/her domain except

98. The conclusion of the Thirty Years' War helped create early nation-states. How?

99. Which did not influence education in the High Middle Ages?

100. How did the Hundred Years' War impact Europe?

101. Who did Leonardo da Vinci study under?

102. What would Socrates most likely say about the religious beliefs of the Greeks?

103. Which of the following is true based on Hammurabi's Code?

104. Which is not associated with Jamestown?

105. Why was Martin Luther unhappy with the Church?

106. Which of the following describes Greece's land?

107. The Battle of Hastings occurred in the year

108. Roman found it difficult to crush Christianity as it had Judaism because

109. Which of the following is NOT true of the significance of the crossbow?

110. The 3rd Century Crisis began with the end of which group of rulers?

111. What was the significance of the harrow to agriculture?

112. The Magna Carta

113. How would Socrates approach someone who believed that the Earth was flat?

114. Who was appointed as Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 1162?

115. Which was not an effect of the rise of feudalism?

116. Settled agriculture had many advantages and disadvantages in creating thriving civilizations. Which of this is most likely to be a disadvantage?

117. Which of the following accurately describes the consequences of Socrates' death?

118. Martin Luther's 95 Theses called for what?

119. Which of the following is NOT true of Plato and Socrates' relationship?

120. Which of the following is NOT an example of how the political system of the Roman Empire helped its rise to an empire?

121. Middle Age armor that would deflect a blow or otherwise distribute the force of the blow over a larger area instead of into its wearer was called what?

122. All of the following are examples of the weakening of Church power in favor of secular governing EXCEPT:

123. How was the peasant uprising in Germany resolved?

124. Why did the pharaohs have supreme power in Egypt?

125. Why did the first civilizations arise in Mesopotamia?

126. Which did not contribute to the fall of the Roman Empire?

127. What was significant about the Battle of Agincourt?

128. The Spanish word 'conquistador' means

129. What best explains Christianity's connection to Judaism?

130. What led to the declining population of Native Americans in the West during the Age of Exploration?

131. Most ancient Greek women were free to do which of the following

132. Which of the following did not flourish during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I?

133. How did the Roman aristocracy initially respond to the movement to have lands more equitably distributed?

134. Which country claimed the most wealth and profits from the race to explore?

135. What lasting effect did the urban revolution of the 12th century have on European Society?

136. When did a revolt occur in England?

137. Which of the following was not an effect felt after the fall of the Roman Empire?

138. What was the theme that tied much of Renaissance art, from music to painting to architecture, together?

139. Why is this style of architecture significant to the Renaissance?

140. As the market for religious images declined in northern Europe, artists began creating

141. How did feudalism limit the power of the king?

142. Judges gain authority through

143. Which culture heavily influenced early Roman culture?

144. How was feudalism weakened during the Renaissance?

145. Explain the role of a fief in the feudal system.

146. Which culture of the Ancient Near East was known for its fierce and violent warriors?

147. Why was the request for Michelangelo to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel uncommon?

148. How did France eventually triumph during the Hundred Years' War?

149. How was Christianity able to thrive amid persecution in the Roman Empire?

150. Which of the following best characterizes the society of Sparta?

151. Identify the distinction between Pedro Alvares Cabral and Francisco Vasquez de Coronado.

152. What was England's greatest weapon in the Hundred Years' War?

153. How did Mohammed's death affect Islam?

154. Which of the following controlled much of Europe when the Peace of Augsburg was issued?

155. At the onset of the Reformation, the Netherlands were under the control of the

156. How is this painting of Jesus an example of humanism?

157. What was the purpose of the earliest tools?

158. Which of the following best describes Plato's relationship to Socrates?

159. What, exactly, is the purpose of a windmill?

160. Which of the following accurately describes the Peace of Prague?

161. What best describes feudalism?

162. Which of the following best represents the central tension that led to the decline of the Roman Republic?

163. What was unusual about France's involvement in the early parts of the Thirty Years' War?

164. Judging from Virgil's account, which of the following was NOT considered a mortal sin by the Romans?

165. Which of the following represents the largest breakthrough to the accuracy of timekeeping in the Middle Ages?

166. How did the Quran affect the spread of Islam?

167. Jews who converted to Christianity were known as

168. Which writer became known for his great works during the Elizabethan Era?

169. What created some unity after the fall of the Roman Empire?

170. Which of the following is not a reason Ancient Greeks traded with other cultures?

171. Who was the first European to travel the ancient Chinese silk routes?

172. Why is Huldrych Zwingli important to the Reformation in Switzerland.

173. Which city became the center of the Byzantine Empire?

174. This illuminated page from the Carmina Burana is important to art historians because

175. Which of the following best explains the role of Christianity in the rise of the Byzantine Empire?

176. Which theme had an effect on various aspects of the Renaissance time period?

177. Aquinas rescued Christianity from the threat of Aristotelian Logic by

178. Who founded the monastery at Cluny?

179. Who was not struggling for power in the High Middle Ages?

180. The Edict of Milan

181. Which did not contribute to the rise of the Roman Republic?

182. Who did not hold authority in the Medieval Warm Period?

183. Which of the following best reflects how Rome was able to expand its empire.

184. Cyrus and Darius were two Persian leaders, who created the largest empire ever known through

185. What did not occur in the High Middle Ages?

186. Describe the effect of the Reformation on France.

187. Of all of his wives, the only one to give Henry VIII the son he wanted was

188. Which was not a responsibility of an English peasant?

189. Which was not associated with colonialism in the 1400s?

190. Which did Shakespeare NOT write?

191. This column, with its plantlike decorations at its capital, is of...

192. Explain England's Golden Age.

193. Which is not a characteristic of humanism?

194. Which characteristic of the Renaissance contributed to beginning of the Reformation?

195. Which of the following was NOT a contribution made by Leonardo da Vinci?

196. What was Mohammed's role in the birth of Islam?

197. Which of the following is vital in understanding and comparing cultures of the Ancient Near East?

198. The Elizabethan Era saw advancement in all areas except for which of the following?

199. Which of the following is not essential to the rise of civilization?

200. What was a key difference between Hapsburg rulers Maximilian II and his son Rudolf II?

201. How did the aristocracy benefit from prejudice against the Jews in the Late Middle Ages?

202. The relative peace and prosperity of Europe in the 11th century was the result of

203. In what way did Martin Luther's 95 Theses start the Protestant Reformation?

204. The advantages of civilization don't work against horse people because

205. Which of the following was NOT at stake during the Great Schism?

206. What was special about the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland?

207. How did feudalism contribute to the success of Viking attacks?

208. Which Council condemned the Albigenses and Waldenses?

209. Which did not inspire monastic movements?

210. In what style are most of Shakespeare's lines written?

211. What was Hernan Cortes most known for?

212. Which of the following is NOT a reason for the decline of the Byzantine Empire?

213. How did the Renaissance affect the Church's influence on governing?

214. The straw that broke the back of the Roman monarchy was

215. Which is not associated with the Protestant Reformation?

216. How did the Hapsburg Dynasty play into the beginnings of the Thirty Years' War?

217. What was the central dispute between England and France during the Hundred Years War?

218. Which of the following best represents how feudalism was able to sustain itself?

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