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History 101: Western Civilization I Final Exam

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1. The Elizabethan Era saw advancement in all areas except for which of the following?

2. Which does not describe Machiavelli's political theory?

3. Who was named the Father of the Nation in the Roman Empire?

4. What purpose did cylinder seals serve?

5. How did feudalism contribute to the success of Viking attacks?

6. Upon learning that a god had taken a personal interest in him, an ancient Greek would most likely be

7. Which did not contribute to the fall of the Roman Empire?

8. Which theme had an effect on various aspects of the Renaissance time period?

9. Why did the first civilizations arise in Mesopotamia?

10. The most common form of hierarchy in human history is

11. The Ecclesiastical Appointments Act could be seen as Henry's resolution of what centuries-old conflict?

12. Which of the following groups of people did not have a voice in shaping Roman law?

13. Which did not contribute to the rise of the Roman Republic?

14. What sparked the beginning of the Peloponnesian War?

15. Which of the following did not flourish during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I?

16. Which was not an effect of the rise of feudalism?

17. The fall of what city marked the official end to the Byzantine Empire?

18. Which did not contribute to the fall of the Roman Empire?

19. What lasting effect did the urban revolution of the 12th century have on European Society?

20. Earlier Christians had avoided free standing statues because

21. The first known writing system was

22. Who was not involved in the Long War?

23. Which of the following is not a reason Ancient Greeks traded with other cultures?

24. What was England's greatest weapon in the Hundred Years' War?

25. Which was not a responsibility of an English peasant?

26. Which statement is false?

27. Hannibal surprised the Romans by

28. Which of the following is not essential to the rise of civilization?

29. How did the Commercial Revolution affect the populations of Europe?

30. In reference to the 100 Years' War,

31. Socrates proposed all of the following except

32. What led to the declining population of Native Americans in the West during the Age of Exploration?

33. Bacon's book, New Atlantis was

34. St. Augustine wrote

35. Which of the following did not contribute to the success of agricultural lifestyle over nomadic culture?

36. Which culture heavily influenced early Roman culture?

37. Which characteristic of the Renaissance contributed to beginning of the Reformation?

38. Which is not associated with Jamestown?

39. Many paintings and engravings of the Northern Renaissance seem to convey ideals of the Reformation, despite having been created before Luther wrote his 95 Theses. Which of the following is a likely explanation for this?

40. Which leader was the most successful in leading Athens' democracy?

41. Which of the following controlled much of Europe when the Peace of Augsburg was issued?

42. During the unification of Italy, Rome conquered all of the following peoples EXCEPT

43. Which of the following gods was a roman invention?

44. What structure developed during prehistory to keep labor and resources divided among growing populations of agricultural groups?

45. Which of the following did not contribute the the crisis?

46. Which did not lead to a schism within the church in 1054?

47. What were Greek myths used to explain?

48. Which Council condemned the Albigenses and Waldenses?

49. Which of the following statements best characterizes the political impact of the Crusades?

50. Who did not hold authority in the Medieval Warm Period?

51. Martin Luther's 95 theses called for what?

52. Which was a result of the protestant Reformation in Europe?

53. Which of the following was not something Jews were forced to wear to identify themselves in the Late Middle Ages?

54. The regular flooding of the Nile may have led to which of the following:

55. How did aristocracy benefit from prejudice against the Jews in the Late Middle Ages?

56. Which of the following acts officially separated the the Anglican Church from the Roman Catholic Church?

57. Which is not associated with the Protestant Reformation?

58. What common thread exists among nearly every hierarchical system in history?

59. Which council accused Arnold of Brescia of wrong doing?

60. How was Renaissance art not influenced by humanism?

61. What did not occur in the High Middle Ages?

62. Senators were patricians who were

63. Who said science was based on probability?

64. Bernini was both a sculptor and

65. The 3rd Century Crisis began with the end of which group of rulers?

66. Caesar gained great fortune and fame through his conquest of:

67. Which of the following describes Greece's land?

68. The fanciful pulpits of Belgian sculptors mark the transition from the Baroque style to the

69. When did the Battle of Mezokeresztes take place?

70. Renaissance art differed from Medieval art in that it

71. Henry had Anne Boleyn executed because

72. Which sophisticated culture lived on the Greek island Crete?

73. Which did not inspire monastic movements?

74. Which of these did not bring about the end of the crisis?

75. Which did Shakespeare not write?

76. Why did the pharaohs have supreme power in Egypt?

77. Under mercantilism, colonies

78. Which statement would St. Augustine agree with?

79. Who was first to experience great profit by conquering land in the New World?

80. The Sistine Chapel was painted by:

81. Benefits of settled agriculture include

82. In which areas did Islam not become popular in the 14th century?

83. Which did not influence education in the High Middle Ages?

84. What happened to papal authority in the Late Middle Ages?

85. Which culture of the Ancient Near East was known for its fierce and violent warriors?

86. The is religious pilgrimage found in Islam.

87. Which of the following was an immediate result of the Age of Exploration?

88. Which of these metals is the most common

89. By which relation did Edward III claim he had a right to the French throne?

90. Which tribe was most likely to assimilate into its surrounding culture?

91. What was the exchange of knowledge, animals, and disease between Europeans and Native Americans?

92. Who won the Battle of Agincourt?

93. Which of the following is true based on Hammurabi's code?

94. What created some unity after the fall of the Roman Empire?

95. Charlemagne is known to history as the

96. Whose reign saw the eruption of Vesuvius, the fire of Rome, and plague?

97. What was the purpose of creating a republic in Rome?

98. Which of the following was not an effect felt after the fall of the Roman Empire?

99. The Pyrrhic war was fought between the Roman Republic and

100. Which is not a characteristic of humanism?

101. Which emperor created a code of laws that is still considered the basis for western law?

102. Which of the following is vital in understanding and comparing cultures of the Ancient Near East?

103. The Shahada is the _ found in Islam.

104. Which was not associated with colonialism in the 1400s?

105. Which of the following did not lead to peasant revolts in the fourteenth century?

106. What was the purpose of the earliest tools?

107. Which document created councils to advise the king?

108. Roman Law was heavily influenced by the philosophy of

109. How did feudalism limit the power of the king?

110. The last ice age ended

111. Which writer became known for his great works during the Elizabethan Era?

112. Which did not contribute to the fall of the Roman Empire?

113. Paris stole Helen from

114. At Clermont, Urban enticed Europe's aristocrats to go on crusade by

115. Who was not struggling for power in the High Middle Ages?