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Counseling 101: Fundamentals of Counseling

Use this chapter's video lessons and quizzes to learn about the theoretical approaches used by counselors working with school children, college students, families, couples, and older adults. Discover stages of the counseling process and find out what it takes to work in this field. 

About This Course

Let instructors walk you through a brief history of counseling before delving into the influences of psychoanalytic, behavioral, and humanistic theories, among others, on contemporary counseling techniques. Discover the roles and responsibilities taken on by marriage and family, school, career, and substance abuse counselors, and consider the issues important to a diverse client population. This course can introduce you to the following:

  • Counseling theories and techniques
  • Human and family developmental theory
  • Counseling specialties and counselor roles
  • Steps in the counseling process
  • Counselor licensing and education requirements
  • Qualities of an effective counselor

This counseling course includes illustrated video lessons, transcripts, and multiple-choice self-assessment quizzes. Whether you're reviewing this material or approaching it for the first time, you can access these resources as many times as you'd like to improve your recall of important counseling concepts and terminology.

Course Topics

Course Chapter Objective
The History of Counseling and Psychotherapy Explore the foundations of counseling in Greek philosophy, the writings of St. Augustine, and the works of Johann Weyer and Wilhelm Wundt. Follow the rise of vocational and educational counseling through the 1940s and the emergence of the clinical counseling profession in the late 20th century. Lessons also discuss issues confronting counselors in contemporary practice.
The Professional Counselor Discover the terminology used to describe counseling specialties and discern between the different types of professionals working in this field. Recognize the qualities of an effective counselor, learn about their education and licensing requirements, and compare and contrast their work settings.
The Counseling Process Examine the differences between individual and group counseling. Let instructors walk you through the counseling intake and initial interview processes and outline the types and uses of assessment testing. Find out what's in the DSM, what happens in the middle stages of the counseling process, and what's involved in the decision to terminate a counseling relationship.
Theoretical Approaches in Counseling Discuss the basis of counseling theory before delving into the influence of Freud and psychoanalytic theory. Look into the advantages and disadvantages of psychodynamic, Alderian, behavioral, cognitive, rational emotive behavior, and reality therapies. Instructors also discuss existential, humanistic, transactional analysis, Gestalt, and creative therapies, as well as the role of counselors in each approach.
Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling Learn more about licensing and certification requirements for counselors. Ponder the ethical implications of client rights and confidentiality and discover some of the most common ethical violations. Pinpoint the differences between civil and criminal liability and malpractice.
Human Growth and Development Recognize the significance of Freud's, Piaget's, and Jung's early human development theories and marvel at the eight stages of Erik Erikson's life span development theory. Examine the influences of Kohlberg's moral development theories, as well as older adult and feminist development theories. Contemplate the place of religion and spiritual development in counseling.
School Counseling Study the activities associated with elementary, middle, and high school counseling and consider the common issues among children at these various age levels. Find out how they differ from those faced by students who receive counseling in college and university settings.
Career Counseling Discover the career counseling process and the practical applications of various career development theories. Lesson content also outlines some of the diversity issues facing counselors, along with the uses of vocational rehabilitation and job adjustment counseling in business and industry.
Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Rehabilitation Counseling Consider the definition of mental health counseling before delving into the prevention and treatment techniques used in alcohol, drug abuse and addictions counseling. Discover the unique roles of rehabilitation counselors.
Social and Cultural Elements of Counseling Learn the history and definition of multicultural counseling and explore the issues facing clients who represent a variety of cultural, social, and ethnic groups. Examine theories for counseling men, women, the GLBT population, and older adults.
Marriage and Family Counseling Check out the theories and processes involved in marriage, couples, and family counseling. Explore stages in the family life cycle and the issues that result from changing family patterns. Weigh the consequences and characteristics of the four major types of child abuse and neglect.
Group Counseling Identify the types of groups and discuss the need for this type of counseling approach. Delve into group counseling theories alongside techniques for screening group members, determining group size, and deciding on session duration. Recognize the ethical considerations of working with groups, as well as stages in the group experience.

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Education Portal Instructors

Education Portal's 53 instructors bring a diverse array of experience and expertise to each course. From teaching philosophy in Athens, Greece, to exploring the mystery of genetics, each instructor is uniquely qualified to bring students the best online learning experience possible. Meet them now!

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