Job Rotation: Definition, Advantages, Disadvantages & Examples

Start Your Free Trial To Continue Watching
As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 8,500 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.
Free 5-day trial
It only takes a minute. You can cancel at any time.
Already registered? Login here for access.
Start your free trial to take this quiz
As a premium member, you can take this quiz and also access over 8,500 fun and engaging lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Get access today with a FREE trial!
Free 5-day trial
It only takes a minute to get started. You can cancel at any time.
Already registered? Login here for access.
  1. 0:01 Job Rotation Defined
  2. 2:32 Advantages of Job Rotation
  3. 3:25 Disadvantages of Job Rotation
  4. 4:04 Lesson Summary
Show Timeline
Taught by

Shawn Grimsley

In this lesson, you will learn about job rotation, including its advantages and disadvantages. Examples will also be provided. You can reinforce your knowledge with a short quiz after the lesson.

Job Rotation Defined

Job rotation involves an employee changing positions within the same organization and eventually returning to the original position. It can refer to different types of rotations.

Task rotation usually takes place in jobs that involve a high degree of physical demands on the body or a high degree of repetitive tasks that can become extremely tedious. Employees are periodically removed from these mentally stressful or physically demanding tasks to a less demanding task for a while to give them a break.

Let's say you work as a spot welder on a production line, where you work 10 hour shifts four days a week. You basically spend your day standing in place applying welds to two specific locations on the product as it moves down the line. The production facility's environmental controls aren't the best, and you're constantly hot and sweating because of the protective gear you must wear along with the heat generated by the welding machine. However, every other week you get rotated off the line to work in the maintenance department and tool shop, where your tasks are varied, the environment is a bit more comfortable, and you can sit down a significant amount of the time. This is an example of task rotation.

Position rotation is the process of laterally moving an employee to different positions, departments or geographic locations for the purposes of professionally developing the employee by exposing them to new knowledge, skills and perspectives. Position rotation can be further broken down into within-function rotation and cross-functional rotation. Within-function rotation is where an employee rotates between jobs with similar levels of responsibility and in the same functional or operational areas. Cross-functional rotation, on the other hand, usually involves a sequence of positions, often with increasing levels of job responsibilities.

Let's say you are a junior executive at a multinational consulting firm on the fast track. Your mentor and supervisor have just informed you that you have been approved for the company's advance executive training program. You will spend the next two years rotating from your home office to the headquarters in New York, to the company's office in London, then onto Dubai, and finally onto Hong Kong before returning to your home office. You job responsibilities will change a bit at each office, but you will basically still serve as a financial analyst. Upon your return, you will receive an important promotion so long as the rotations are successful. This is an example of position rotation, and more specifically, within-rotation.

Advantages of Job Rotation

Task rotation has some distinct advantages. It can increase job satisfaction because workers will be exposed to various work tasks that will reduce constant physical or mental stress, which may create more motivation to continue in the position and reduce turnover. Another advantage is the ancillary effect of cross-training employees for different tasks, which will increase the flexibility and adaptability of the organization.

Position rotation also has some distinct advantages. Position rotation can be used to groom or prepare promising employees for future leadership positions by increasing their knowledge, skills and perspective. It can also assist an organization in creating members with a broad base of organizational knowledge. Position rotation may also facilitate new personal relationships across the organization that may help develop a sense of cohesion and loyalty.

Unlock Content Over 8,500 lessons in all major subjects

Get FREE access for 5 days,
just create an account.

Start a FREE trial

No obligation, cancel anytime.

Want to learn more?

Select a subject to preview related courses:

People are saying…

"This just saved me about $2,000 and 1 year of my life." — Student

"I learned in 20 minutes what it took 3 months to learn in class." — Student

See more testimonials

Did you like this?
Yes No

Thanks for your feedback!

What didn't you like?

What didn't you like?

Next Video
Create your Account

Sign up now for your account. Get unlimited access to 8,500 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.

All Videos in Business Management Basics
  1. 1. Matrix Organizational Structure: Advantages, Disadvantages & Examples
  2. 2. Interpersonal Roles in Management: Types, Definition & Quiz
  3. 3. Functional Structure of an Organization: Advantages, Disadvantages & Example
  4. 4. Bureaucratic Management Theory: Definition, Lesson & Quiz
  5. 5. What Is Administrative Management Theory? - Definition, Functions & Quiz
  6. 6. What Is Motivation In Management? - Definition, Process & Types
  7. 7. Upward Communication: Definition, Advantages, Disadvantages & Examples
  8. 8. Frederick Taylor: Theories, Principles & Contributions to Management
  9. 9. Contingency Approach of Management: Definition, Example & Quiz
  10. 10. What Is a Team Leader? - Description, Role & Responsibilities
  11. 11. Oral Communication: Definition, Types & Advantages
  12. 12. What Are Conceptual Skills in Management? - Definition, Lesson & Quiz
  13. 13. Horizontal Communication: Definition, Advantages, Disadvantages & Examples
  14. 14. Scientific Management: Theories, Principles & Definition
  15. 15. Downward Communication: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
  16. 16. What Is Democratic Leadership? - Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
  17. 17. Participative Leadership Style: Definition, Theory & Examples
  18. 18. Channel of Communication: Types, Definition & Quiz
  19. 19. Elton Mayo's Theory of Motivations & Contributions to Management Theory
  20. 20. External Recruitment: Advantages, Disadvantages & Methods
  21. 21. Job Rotation: Definition, Advantages, Disadvantages & Examples
  22. 22. Profitability Ratio: Definition, Formula, Analysis & Example
  23. 23. Accounting Cycle: Definition, Steps & Process
Meet Our Instructors

Meet all 53 of our instructors