Copyright

Law of Proximity: Examples, Lesson & Quiz

Supplemental Lesson
Share Feedback Rate
Instructor: Chevette Alston

Dr. Alston has taught intro psychology, child psychology, and developmental psychology at 2-year and 4-year schools.

In this lesson we'll discuss the Gestalt principle of organization in relation to the Law of Proximity. This principle states other things being equal, objects that are near to one another are perceived as belonging together as a unit.

We also recommend watching What Are Marketing Objectives? - Examples, Lesson & Quiz and Spread in Data Sets: Definition, Example, Lesson & Quiz

Law of Proximity

The Law of Proximity states objects that are near, or proximate, to each other tend to be grouped together. It is part of the Gestalt Laws of Perceptual Organization and Gestalt psychology, which was founded by Max Wertheimer. Wertheimer noted that rapid sequences of events create the illusion of motion. An example of this would be movies or motion pictures. Movies are actually a rapid succession of still images that create a seamless visual experience. This is also known as the phi phenomenon.

Perceptual Organization

The Laws of Perceptual Organization are a set of perceptual organization principles that explain how smaller objects are grouped to form large objects. Likewise, the Law of Proximity is a visual and perceptual organization concept that states when movement and grouping happen visually, our minds fill in any missing information. The whole is greater than a sum of its individual parts has influenced the discovery of phenomena that often occur during the visual perception of things we see.

Basically, the Law of Proximity states that the brain more closely associates objects close to each other than it does when objects are spaced far apart. It is thought this kind of clustering occurs because humans often have a natural inclination to want to group and organize things in a neat and organized manner. In the example below, the blue circles on the left present as a group of vertical circles. The blue circles on the right appear to be grouped in two horizontal rows.

Law of Proximity

Continue reading...
Create An Account
To Start This Course Today
Used by over 10 million students worldwide
Create An Account
Try it free for 5 days
Start Your Free Trial To Take This Quiz

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 8,500 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Free 5-day trial
It only takes a few minutes to set up and you can cancel at any time.
Already registered? Login here for access

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 100 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,900 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Education Portal has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.


Watch all the video lessons you want free for 5 days
Select a plan to try & see why over 10 million users love Education Portal
Start Free Trial