Copyright

Multicultural Education: Definition, Approaches & Quiz

Supplemental Lesson
Share Feedback Rate
Instructor: Mary Firestone

Find out what multicultural education is, and the different approaches to the multicultural classroom. Read the lesson, and then take quiz to test your new knowledge.

We also recommend watching Bilingual Education, Immersion & Multicultural Education and What is Multicultural Counseling?

Definition

Multicultural education is an educational philosophy that focuses on celebrating cultural differences while also recognizing the importance of challenging all forms of discrimination based on race, gender, age, religion, ability or sexual orientation.

Approaches to Multicultural Education

Dr. James A. Banks, educator and author of over 20 books on multicultural education, has identified four approaches that teachers can use for integrating multiculturalism into their curriculum. The approaches are described below:

Contributions

Teachers using this approach provide examples of the relevant contributions and heroic accomplishments of people from different races and cultures, without changing the lesson plan or goals of the unit being taught. For example, in a science unit students could learn of the contributions of scientists from different countries or American ethnicities.

Additive

This approach requires adding cultural realities that traditionally are left out of a curriculum that focuses on a traditional holiday like Independence Day or Thanksgiving. Providing stories about how Native Americans were involved in the first Thanksgiving celebration would be one way to add a multicultural element. The Additive approach does not change the overall curriculum.

Transformation

The transformation approach seeks to change the attitudes about cultural differences by using a different curriculum, one that encourages students to view problems and concepts from the perspective of different cultures. For example, if students were studying the American Indian wars, they would consider the views of the settlers, soldiers and also the native peoples.

Social Action

The social action approach uses the concepts from the transformation curriculum and takes it a step further, where students take action for social change. After acquiring the necessary knowledge about something in their community that needs change, students get involved in activities that may effect that change, such as writing letters to senators or taking the time to reach out and befriend students of different races or ethnic backgrounds.

Continue reading...
Create An Account
To Start This Course Today
Used by over 10 million students worldwide
Create An Account
Try it free for 5 days
Start Your Free Trial To Take This Quiz

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 8,500 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Free 5-day trial
It only takes a few minutes to set up and you can cancel at any time.
Already registered? Login here for access

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 100 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,900 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Education Portal has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.


Watch all the video lessons you want free for 5 days
Select a plan to try & see why over 10 million users love Education Portal
Start Free Trial