Architectural Training Programs and Requirements
Architects create building designs, incorporating client requests with ideas that are energy efficient, code compliant and aesthetically appealing. Students enrolled in architectural training programs participate in many design studio labs. Architectural training programs are most common at the bachelor's degree level.
Training Requirements and Recommendations
A Bachelor of Architecture is the most common architectural degree and the minimum educational requirement for the field. While not customary, some employers may require applicants to possess a master's degree. Additionally, most architectural firms require architects to be familiar with computer applications such as AutoCAD and Microsoft Office and prefer those who can work with 3-dimensional modeling software. Voluntary professional certifications are often preferred.
Architectural bachelor's degree programs are available as 4-year pre-professional Bachelor of Science in Architecture programs or 5-year professional Bachelor of Architecture programs. Individuals with an undergraduate degree may seek advanced education through a graduate architectural training program. These programs last 1-4 years, depending on the student's educational background. Doctoral programs are also offered.
Bachelor of Science in Architecture
At the B.S. level, students gain a foundation in architectural concepts and sketching, which prepare them for graduate studies in architecture or work in an architecture-related field. They study the history of architecture and structures and learn about architecture in relation to culture. Students also learn basics of architectural computer programs.
Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.)
Unlike a B.S. in Architecture, which offers a general overview of architecture, a B.Arch. underscores professional design and drawing skills and leads to licensure as an architect. In a Bachelor of Architecture program, students learn about design theories, construction methods and building materials.
Master of Architecture (M.Arch.)
Many colleges offer Master of Architecture programs to cater to students at different levels who may or may not have had previous architectural training. Students take part in many studio classes that emphasize practical design and learn about trends in architecture. Those who already have professional degrees may be able to specialize in particular areas, such as metropolitan planning or green construction.
After graduation and before being eligible for licensure, architecture graduates must work as interns for at least three years. Internships completed during college training typically count toward the required three years. Some architects are self-employed and others work for architectural firms or government organizations. Consequently, required experience can range from 3-10 years, depending on the size of the company and individual responsibility level. Prior experience with specific project designs, such as schools or hospitals, may also be necessary.
Licenses and Certifications
Every state requires architects to obtain licensure. In order to qualify for this licensure, applicants must pass the Architect Registration Exam, have earned a professional architecture degree and completed three years of internship training. In order to maintain licensure, architects must fulfill continuing education requirements every 1-2 years.
Licensed architects can earn voluntary certifications from the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (www.ncarb.org). Some employers may also prefer architectural applicants with Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification, which is offered by the Green Building Certification Institute (www.gbci.org).
Workshops and Seminars
Architectural organizations like the American Institute of Architects (www.aia.org) often sponsor industry conferences and conventions, which generally last three days. Attendees may earn continuing education credits towards licensure renewal from taking part in seminars and workshops. Webinars are also available to be downloaded or as live feeds,often running for an hour or two.
Additional Professional Development
Architects looking for everyday enrichment can subscribe to online or printed publications. Architectural discussion boards and blogs are also available and provide news, networking and client prospecting opportunities.
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