Army Ranger: Job Description, Salary and Outlook
An Army Ranger is a member of the 75th Ranger Regiment, an elite special operations force. Highly disciplined and trained, Rangers execute assault missions in politically sensitive areas and in combat zones.
Members of the 75th Ranger Regiment are assigned to one of four battalions - three based in Georgia and another in Washington State. They spend most of their workdays training or preparing for missions. A Ranger's duties require participation in large training exercises that may take place overseas. When not deployed, a Ranger has nights and weekends off from work.
Army Rangers conduct short-term-notice deployments using many methods of infiltration. Army Rangers may make raids into hostile territory to capture enemy personnel or materials. They may rescue civilians or military prisoners of war. Army Rangers can conduct airborne missions. Rangers collect information on their missions to use against enemy forces in subsequent operations.
Women cannot become Army Rangers. Requirements for male soldiers include being accepted into airborne training and having an occupation included in the 75th Regiment. Rangers must pass a physical and a technical knowledge exam. They must show good character and be able to attain a clearance for secret information.
Upon conditional acceptance in the Rangers, volunteers must complete the Ranger Assessment and Selection Program (RASP). All RASP students learn basic first aid for use in critical situations. Additional training after assignment to a battalion may include language instruction and U.S. Army Ranger School.
Salary for an Army Ranger depends upon rank and length of service. According to the Army's 2013 pay scale, an E-1 private with less than two years of service makes $18,194 in basic pay, while a captain with six years of service earns basic pay of $64,339.
In addition to basic pay, Army Rangers receive health care, free housing, and food allowances. Some Rangers also earn special supplements based on their skills.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicted that employment opportunities in the military would remain strong from 2010-2020 (www.bls.gov). However, the BLS notes, political events affect the demand for recruits, so employment could vary.
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