Barber: Educational Requirements for Barbers
Barbers are licensed professionals who cut their clients' hair. They may also follow hair styling trends and give hair styling tips. Barbers generally work for hairstyling salons and barbershops.
Education Requirements for Barbers
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), most states require barbers and other appearance industry professionals to graduate from a state-approved school (www.bls.gov). Barbering school programs can typically be completed in under a year. Students in these programs are trained on the techniques of cutting hair, shaving and facial grooming. A significant portion of the curricula also consist of hands-on learning in shops and practice on live subjects.
Some schools may teach coloring and styling techniques. Courses may also delve into topics in sanitation, scalp treatment, skin infections and shop management. Teachers may provide instruction on facial treatments, chemical compounds and skin disorders.
Apprenticeship programs are also available for aspiring barbers to learn the trade. These programs typically last two years and require an employer or an experienced barber to sign off on an agreement. Apprentices also receive paid classroom and on-the-job training, which may cover skin care, consultations and hairstyling.
All states require that barbers be licensed. In addition to graduating from a state-approved school or apprenticeship program, many states have minimum requirements for age and education-level. To complete the licensing process, individuals are generally required to pass a licensing exam that covers practical and theoretical barbering topics. Many states charge fees for both the application and the licensing exam.
Some states allow reciprocity, which enables an individual to transfer a license from another state. Experienced barbers may be able to apply for licensure as a master barber, which requires passing an additional exam. To new renew a license, individuals typically have to fill out an application form and pay a fee.
Career Outlook and Salary Information
The BLS indicates that employment for barbers was expected to increase by 7% from 2010-2020. Population increases will create a need for more of these professionals. As of May 2012, the BLS reported that the median annual earnings of a barber were $25,090.
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