Basic Jailer Course and Training Program Information
Jailers, commonly known as correctional officers, work in local, state and federal correctional facilities and penitentiaries. This article provides a summary of the most popular types of courses and training for those interested in becoming jailers.
Courses for prospective jailers are generally found in undergraduate certificate and degree programs in criminal justice or corrections. These programs provide individuals with entry-level education in the various duties of the profession. Some institutions may also offer graduate-level certificate and degree programs in the field; however, these programs are typically geared towards those wishing to advance their present careers and/or acquire administrative positions.
List of Common Courses
The following course descriptions detail the usual curriculum of some commonly offered courses for jailers.
Correctional Systems Course
This course examines the function, structure and practice of correctional, probation and parole systems. Participants discuss the criminal justice system, the theory and history of correctional institutions and the types of incarceration facilities used today. Programs to assist inmates in institutionalization adjustment, treatment and rehabilitation are reviewed. This course also examines the role of probation and parole officers.
Jail Operations Course
Individuals learn the day-to-day operations of a correctional facility, including the booking, classification, fingerprinting and photographing of prisoners. This course examines health and recreation programs, rights and population control of an institution's inmates. Students review the safety practices covering correctional officers and inmates.
Discipline and Special Confinement Course
This course explores the methods used to discipline an inmate in a correctional facility. Students discuss the legal aspects of using disciplinary action, including special confinement measures, to correct abnormal or unwanted inmate behavior. This course looks at the correctional officer's role in enforcing discipline.
Handling Emergency Situations Course
Students survey the various emergency situations that arise in a prison environment and the ways these issues are addressed. Lessons cover the creation of emergency plans for disturbances, fires, hostage negotiations and other disorders that occur. Students research the causes of disorders and how stress and panic can prolong situations. Skills used in crisis intervention are also covered.
Suicide Prevention Course
This course studies the causes of inmate suicides in prisons and jails. Individuals learn how to assess inmates who may have suicidal tendencies and to recognize suicidal behavior when it occurs. Prevention techniques are discussed, as well as related topics, such as jail design, suicide litigation and leadership strategies.
Youth Offenders Course
Participants learn skills to manage and supervise youth offenders. This course looks at the causes of juvenile delinquency and the treatment programs available. Students learn communication skills that promote positive feedback. This course also looks at how the criminal justice system processes adolescent offenders.
Basic Jailer Training Programs
Correctional officer training programs are offered at various education levels. Individuals can take a basic certificate program to prepare for entry-level correctional jobs and for state licensing as a correctional officer. These jobs include jail transport officer, deputy corrections officer and detention officer. Those continuing their training and education can earn undergraduate and graduate degrees in criminal justice or public safety, creating better opportunities to enter into correctional management.
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