Become a Museum Curator: Step-by-Step Career Guide

Research the requirements to become a museum curator. Learn about the job description and duties and read the step-by-step process to start a career in museum curating.

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Requirements for Museum Curators

Museum curators oversee museum collections by managing the acquisition, preservation and display of museum artifacts. Curators may also be in charge of authenticating the age and origin of pieces. In addition, many curators work with the museum's board of directors and are responsible for museum fundraising, public relations and site management.

A bachelor's degree is the minimum education requirement for museum curators, though preference is often given to applicants who have a master's degree and/or work experience. A PhD is necessary for some higher-level positions. The following table outlines the most common requirements for museum curators.

Common Requirements
Degree Level A bachelor's degree is the minimum requirement; many employers prefer a master's degree*
Degree Field Art, history, archeology, museum studies or a related field*
Experience Usually 4-5 years of experience in the field**
Key Skills Strong organizational, management and critical-thinking skills*
Computer Skills Database management
Additional Requirements Stamina - museum curators spend a lot of time on their feet*

Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and **Salary.com.

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree

Prospective curators must obtain a bachelor's degree. Since curators can work for many different kinds of museums (art, science, natural history, etc.), students should choose a major that's relevant to the type of museum they plan to work in. For example, an aspiring art museum curator may consider studying fine arts or art history, while a future historical museum curator may consider studying anthropology or history.

Success Tips

  • Complete volunteer work. Logging volunteer hours at a museum can give students valuable first-hand experience that can help them stand out on the job market.
  • Take business and marketing courses. Since curators play a vital role in purchasing artifacts and planning fundraisers for museums, elective coursework in business and marketing may expand career opportunities and prepare students for the more business-oriented aspects of curating.

Step 2: Complete a Master's Degree

A master's degree is a far more common educational requirement for museum curating positions than a bachelor's degree. Master's degree students typically choose a specialized area of study, such as Native American history or ancient Chinese art. Holding multiple master's degrees (one in museum studies and one in a specialty area) may give prospective curators a competitive edge over applicants who hold only one master's degree. Students should pursue their studies in a field related to the type of museum they want to work in.

Success Tips

  • Take museology courses. Students earning a master's degree in a specialized subject may consider taking museum studies courses as electives. Completing courses in areas like exhibit organization or grant writing can help a student prepare for a career in curating and stand out to employers.
  • Complete an internship. Internships are required by some graduate programs, but they can be completed voluntarily as well. Participating in an internship program in a museum will greatly increase job prospects for graduates, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
  • Join museology organizations. Joining one or more professional organizations can help a prospective curator keep up with developments in the field, and membership can also serve as a networking tool to help a student find a job.

Step 3: Get Experience

The BLS explains that it's common for aspiring museum curators to work in lower-level positions for a few years after finishing their studies. Work experience as an assistant or research associate can help future curators learn the practical skills they need to land leadership roles in this competitive field.

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