Become a Personal Chef: Education and Career Roadmap
Learn how to become a personal chef. Research the job duties and the education requirements, and find out how to start a career in the culinary arts.
Personal Chef Requirements
Personal chefs cook meals and plan menus for private clients. They might cook at a client's home or in a professional kitchen. Personal chefs service multiple clients and typically visit a client once per week. They may prepare multiple meals according to the customer's specifications and dietary needs and then store the meals with instructions so the client can heat the food later. The duties of a personal chef might extend to ordering groceries and washing dishes.
Personal chefs work for cooking companies or run their own chef business and should not be confused with private household chefs. A private household chef generally cooks for just one customer and may live on the premises. Personal chefs generally need at least a high school diploma or GED. Work experience or formal training programs are options for learning the necessary skills. The table below describes the core requirements for personal chefs:
|Degree Level||High school diploma or GED typically required; associate's and bachelor's degree, certificate, diploma and apprenticeship programs available*|
|Degree Fields||Culinary arts*|
|Licensure and/or Certification||Certification is not required, but may result in promotions and higher pay*|
|Experience||1-5 years in a related job*|
|Key Skills||Business and marketing abilities,** developed senses of smell and taste,* manual agility,* flair for innovation*|
|Computer Skills||Knowledge of business software**|
|Technical Skills||Expertise in preparing a variety of foods; knowledge of nutrition**|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **American Personal and Private Chef Association (August 2012).
Step 1: Learn the Cooking Trade
Chefs can learn cooking skills through work experience or formal training programs. Many aspiring chefs begin their careers as line cooks or sometimes even dishwashers, working in a kitchen for several years under the guidance of an experienced chef.
Some chefs learn cooking skills through culinary arts programs offered at community colleges, culinary institutes, technical schools or universities. Culinary arts programs typically lead to an associate's degree, but some schools award a bachelor's degree. Culinary arts studies emphasize hands-on experience and training in kitchens. In addition to studying nutrition and cooking, students generally learn how to maintain a sanitary cooking environment, plan menus, cater events, buy supplies and manage a business. Some schools offer personal chef certificate or diploma programs.
An apprenticeship program is another option for becoming a personal chef. Apprentices earn pay while learning cooking skills through both hands-on kitchen experience and classroom studies. Apprenticeship programs generally take two or three years to complete and are offered by culinary schools, professional associations and trade unions. Shorter programs that teach basic cooking skills are available.
Step 2: Get Work Experience
Prospective chefs usually acquire 1-5 years of experience working in professional kitchens, restaurants or other areas of the food service industry before they're employed as chefs. Culinary arts programs usually require students to get work experience in a restaurant, catering firm, bakery or other professional kitchen via internships, work placement programs or other options. Some personal chefs choose to be self-employed in their own business. Others work for cooking companies that provide personal chef services to various clients.
Join a professional association. Cooking trade associations include the American Personal and Private Chef Association (APPCA) and the American Culinary Federation (ACF). Some trade organizations offer training programs, marketing tools and business advice for personal chefs who already operate or want to start their own business. Trade associations may supply professional networking opportunities that benefit both new and seasoned personal chefs.
Step 3: Earn Certification
Certification is not a requirement for personal chefs, but it may result in promotions and higher salaries. The ACF awards the Personal Certified Chef (PCC) and the Personal Certified Executive Chef (PCEC) designations. To be eligible for the PCC designation, a chef must have three years of cooking experience and one year of experience working as a personal chef.
To qualify for the PCEC designation, an individual must have three years of experience working as a personal chef. Requirements for both designations include a high school diploma or GED, continuing education hours and three 30-hour courses in cooking safety and sanitation, nutrition and business management. Applicants must pass written and practical tests to earn certification. Certified personal chefs must meet continuing education requirements to keep their certification.
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