CAD Drafter: Job Description, Salary, Duties and Requirements

Computer-aided design (CAD) drafters utilize computer-aided design systems to create technical drawings for building construction and product manufacturing. Drafters fill out these drawings with specifications, methods, and codes. Many employers require CAD drafters to have completed at least an associate's degree program.

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Job Description for CAD Drafters

CAD drafters create detailed schematics that are utilized in the manufacturing of products and the construction of buildings. These detailed technical drawings incorporate the input of engineers, architects, and surveyors and can specify dimensions, codes, materials, and production methods.

CAD drafters work within different specialties. Architectural drafters prepare structural designs for new construction under the direction of an architect. Civil drafters prepare technical drawings for civil engineering projects, such as bridges, highways, and piping systems. Mechanical drafters create designs for machinery and mechanical devices. Other common specialties include aeronautical, pipeline, electrical, and electronics drafters.

Salaries of CAD Drafters

In 2012, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that architectural and civil drafters earned a median annual salary of $47,870, while the median salary for mechanical drafters was $50,360 and electrical and electronics drafters earned a median of $55,700 (www.bls.gov).The BLS reports that these earnings can vary based on level of responsibility, location, and speciality area.

Duties of CAD Drafters

Generally, CAD drafters coordinate the collection of data and incorporate this information into drawings, schematics, and maps. They consult with architects, engineers, surveyors, and workers while preparing and presenting their drawings.

Architectural drafters collect construction site reports, analyze building codes, and make weight, volume, and stress calculations for the materials to be used. They may also lay out interiors, draw landscaping, and represent the architect at the construction site.

Civil drafters incorporate data from topographical surveys and geophysical reports to prepare their drawings. They also make calculations for excavation and earth-moving operations and supervise technicians.

Mechanical drafters' designs feature the relationships between various mechanical parts and systems. They create and incorporate mathematical formulas to create component specifications and reproduce their schematics for use within reference materials, such as operations manuals.

Requirements to Become a CAD Drafter

The BLS notes that employers typically prefer CAD drafters who have completed at least a two-year associate's degree program at a technical school or community college; however, completion of a bachelor's degree program can enhance opportunities. Architecture or engineering programs can also provide the necessary education for a drafting career. Coursework may include mathematics, science, drawing, and design.

While not required for employment, acquiring a professional credential can increase chances of advancement. The American Design Drafting Association (ADDA) offers certification programs for architectural, civil, and mechanical drafting (www.adda.org). The ADDA requires that individuals have three years of professional experience to be eligible to take the certification examination and the certification is valid for five years.

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