Careers in Human Biology: Overview of Job Options

Human biology is the study of human anatomy and physiology. Accordingly, human biologists study the effects of ecology, aging and nutrition on the human body. Human biologists have acquired knowledge and experience with human biological systems, such as the reproductive and digestive systems. Read on to learn more about career options in the field.

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Career Options in Human Biology

Careers in human biology may range from forensic science technician to pharmaceutical sales representative. While specific requirements differ, most employers prefer candidates who have some postsecondary education, such as a certificate, associate's or bachelor's degree.

Postsecondary education in human biology begins with coursework in human physiology, anatomy and biology. Advanced classes typically cover topics like the human nervous system, lymphatic system and biochemistry. Students can gain expertise on biological functions and chemical reactions within the human body.

Forensic Science Technician

Forensic science technicians work for law enforcement agencies and departments. These professionals use their expertise in human biology to help collect and analyze evidence for a criminal investigation. For example, forensic science technicians may use sophisticated laboratory equipment to isolate and observe human blood from a crime scene. Technicians may then interpret data and submit reports on their findings to investigators.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), forensic science technicians earn a median annual income of $52,840, as of May 2012. Employment for these technicians is expected to increase by 6% from 2012 to 2022 (

Pharmaceutical Sales Representative

Pharmaceutical sales representatives visit health care facilities, drug wholesalers and retail stores to present new products manufactured by pharmaceutical companies in order to generate sales. Sales representatives may also be responsible for qualifying prospective customers, coordinating meetings and following up with potential clients. These professionals are trained to support products with clinical studies and are up-to-date with new programs and medical treatment options.

The BLS reports that sales representatives working in the industry of drugs and druggists' sundries merchant wholesalers earn a mean of $89,670 per year, as of May 2012. The wholesale and manufacturing sales field as a whole is projected to experience 9% growth during the 2012-2022 decade.

Biological Laboratory Technician

Biological laboratory technicians take samples of biological information in order to conduct experiments and perform tests. Duties may range from studying the effects of pharmaceutical drugs on human organs to compiling data from tests into written reports. Biological laboratory technicians may also be responsible for organizing and sanitizing the laboratory, including specimen containers and specialized equipment like microscopes.

Biological technicians earn a median annual salary of $39,750, stated the BLS in May 2012. Employment is expected to increase by 10% through 2022.

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