Careers in Public Safety Administration: Job Options and Requirements
Public safety administration programs may prepare students for roles in emergency management, law enforcement or health services management. Continue reading for an overview of potential majors as well as career and salary statistics related to some career options for graduates.
Public safety administration involves managing public and environmental safety workers, anticipating public safety hazards and working to prevent them. There are a variety of career opportunities in many different industries, including government, public or non-profit organizations at the local, state or federal levels. Typically, a bachelor's degree in public safety is necessary, but some of the careers outlined below require less education.
|Career Titles||Medical & Health Services Managers||Emergency Management Directors||Law Enforcement Officers (Police and Detectives)||Emergency Medical Technicians & Paramedics|
|Education Requirements||Bachelor's or master's degree in public health, public administration, business administration or health services||Bachelor's degree in public administration, fire science or emergency management||Variable; high school diploma and police academy training; candidates might also complete some college coursework or earn a degree||EMTs complete specialized postsecondary training that can take less than one year to two years to complete and may culminate in a certificate; paramedics typically earn an associate's degree in emergency medical technology|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*||23%||8%||5%||23%|
|Median Annual Salary (May, 2013)*||$90,940||$62,780||$56,130 (Police & Sheriff's Patrol Officers)||$31,270|
Source: *United States Bureau of Labor Statistics
Individuals who possess a degree in public safety administration may be qualified to work as public safety managers, health services managers or emergency management directors. Additionally, public safety administration program graduates can pursue careers as law enforcement officers or emergency medical technicians.
Medical and Health Services Manager
Medical and health service managers supervise the planning and delivery of healthcare services. They develop work schedules and oversee facility finances. According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), jobs for medical and health services managers were expected to increase at a rate of 23% between 2012 and 2022. The median annual salary for these professionals was $90,940 as of May 2013.
Emergency Management Director
Emergency management directors develop emergency plans and procedures for local or federal disasters, including hurricanes, floods and war- or technology-related situations. The BLS predicted that employment would grow at a rate of 8% from 2012 through 2022. In May of 2013, the median annual salary for emergency medical directors was $62,780.
Law Enforcement Officer
Law enforcement officers work to keep the public safe. They answer emergency calls and investigate crimes. Employment of police and detectives was expected to expand by 5% during the decade spanning 2012 and 2022. Police and sheriff's patrol officers earned median annual salaries of $56,130 in May 2013.
Emergency Medical Technicians
Emergency medical technicians evaluate patients and administer medical care in an ambulance while transporting patients to healthcare facilities. They may bandage wounds or give cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to unconscious patients. The BLS indicated that these jobs would grow at a rate of 23% from 2012 through 2022. The median annual salary for emergency medical technicians and paramedics was $31,270 as of May 2013.
Requirements for Public Safety Administration Careers
Generally, a college degree is required for most administrative jobs, and many colleges and universities offer a bachelor's degree in public safety administration. This degree is extremely beneficial when applying for any public safety job, but it is not necessarily mandatory. Whatever their major, prospective applicants should focus on courses that develop business and problem-solving skills.
For a career in law enforcement, a bachelor's degree is not essential at the state level, but federal agencies do require one. In additional, federal law enforcement agents complete extensive physical training before beginning their jobs.
Emergency medical technicians typically complete a training program that can range from less than a year to two years. A degree is not usually awarded, though some programs may grant a certificate. Paramedics typically complete a relevant associate degree program.
Some careers in public safety administration rely on public election, so candidates should be sure to maintain solid public relationships. For other jobs, such as city manager positions, a master's degree in public administration is recommended. Most organizations also offer on-site training and continuing education opportunities.
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