College Counseling Degree and Certificate Program Overviews
There are two kinds of college counselors. The first is a high school counselor who assists students in finding and applying to a college and planning for adapting to college life. This requires a graduate certificate in college counseling or a master's in school counseling. The second kind, requiring a master's in counseling with focus on college counseling, counsels college students in areas that range from planning a career to crisis intervention.
Graduate Certificate in College Counseling
Certificate programs in college counseling are primarily designed to prepare school teachers and counselors to guide college-bound students. Some programs aim to aid students who wish to establish a private college counseling practice. Students in these programs gain information and strategies for working with high school students and their parents.
Many certificates in college counseling are graduate certificates, requiring a bachelor's degree in a related field. However, numerous online programs have open enrollment.
Certificate programs for college counselors generally only offer 4-6 courses, plus a practicum. Courses often include topics such as:
- Helping college-bound students
- Online aid and information for college and career counselors
- Processes in college admissions
- Financial aid for college
- Career assessment tools
- Counseling techniques
Employment growth of 19% was anticipated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for school, vocational and educational counselors between 2010 and 2020. The average wage for these counselors in 2012 was $56,170 per year.
As a rule, teachers who have only a certificate in school counseling are not eligible for state licensing as school counselors; this career generally requires a master's degree. Therefore, the first step in continuing education for many college counselors in high schools is to work on a master's degree in school counseling.
Master's Degree in School Counseling
A master's degree in school counseling allows a counselor to advise in college preparation areas, as well as personal and social development problems, academic needs and family problems. Master's degree programs teach how to counsel individuals, groups and families.
Generally, master's degrees in school counseling require applicants to have a bachelor's degree in psychology or a related field. Some programs encourage students to have teaching experience.
Core counseling courses are the primary requirement in some programs, with a minimal number of courses specific to school counseling. Other programs are just the opposite. In addition to a practicum, areas that may be covered in coursework include:
- Appraising students
- Assessing and intervening with at-risk students
- Counseling in schools
- Ethics and professional issues for school counselors
- Family counseling
- Multicultural counseling
- Principles of learning and childhood and adolescent development
Although school counselors will usually work in a school as a counselor who performs a variety of counseling functions, there are jobs available that are limited to only one counseling area. Examples are:
- Guidance counselor
- Prevention specialist
- Student assistant program counselor
- Family worker
- Behavior analyst
Graduates with master's degrees in school counseling or in counseling with a school counseling specialization will be eligible to test for credentialing as a National Certified School Counselor (NCSC) with the National Board for Certified Counselors. Almost all states have their own certification requirements, with a few allowing the NCSC as an option. Most states have continuing education requirements for renewal of certification. Most commonly this is every five years, but may be a little as three years or as much as ten.
Master's Degree in Counseling with Specialization in College Counseling
Master's degree programs that specialize in counseling in a college setting prepare students to work in a variety of areas. These may include academic advising, career counseling, therapeutic counseling, student affair administration, admissions and multicultural affairs. Some programs allow students to complete extra coursework in lieu of writing a thesis or research paper.
Most college counseling master's programs require a bachelor's degree, often in the area of social science or humanities. Some programs also expect students to have had a few specific college courses prior to admissions to the program. These may include learning and development of children, educational research statistics and guidance and counseling principles.
All programs have required core counseling courses, similar to those mentioned for the master's in school counseling. College-counseling specific courses might include:
- College students in the U.S.
- Leading and administering student affairs
- Managing student support services
- Methods of treatment
- Student development during college
College counselors are often considered part of the school administration. They may work in student personnel or student affairs, even in the admissions department. Job titles may include:
- Academic counselor
- Clinical counselor
- Director of student life
- Enrollment counselor
- Residence hall counselor
Graduates are usually eligible to take exams for National Certified Counselor (NCC) credential from the National Board for Certified Counselors. Beyond that and depending on the job path a graduate wishes to follow, a doctorate degree in counseling and student personnel, student personnel administration or a related topic may be helpful.
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