Duties and Responsibilities of Emergency Nurses: Career Info
An emergency nurse is a registered nurse (RN) who provides initial care and treatment to emergency or trauma patients, those who are severely ill or injured and need immediate attention. The job outlook for emergency nurses is good and specialization is usually not required, but their responsibilities are rigorous. They frequently deal with life-threatening conditions.
Job Duties and Responsibilities of Emergency Nurses
Most commonly working in a hospital's emergency department, emergency nurses must be able to think and act quickly to assess and treat patients who suffer from a wide range of injuries or illnesses. Using both general and specific health care knowledge, the emergency nurse is the first person to see and treat these patients. These nurses provide initial assessments that are passed on to emergency room doctors and other physicians.
These RNs treat a large number of cases each day, and they must be ready for patients of any age with any condition. For this reason specialization is rare and more general knowledge is valued. There are, however, some specialization areas for emergency RNs, including pediatrics, geriatrics and trauma.
It is the responsibility of the emergency nurse to provide care and make accurate assessments in high-stress and possibly life-threatening situations. Emergency nurses must possess the emotional stability to cope with these conditions and remain calm and sympathetic as they perform their duties.
Career Info for Emergency Nurses
After obtaining their RN license, those looking for work as an emergency nurse have a variety of career options available. They can seek work in hospital emergency departments, emergency care centers, physicians' offices, highly populated specialty areas like sports arenas or cruise ships, or emergency transport vehicles such as ambulances or helicopters.
Job prospects for emergency nurses are excellent. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that nursing employment in all areas is expected to grow by about 26% from 2010-2020 (www.bls.gov). This is faster than the average rate of growth for all occupations during this period.
For career advancement, emergency nurses can consider certification and continuing education courses from the Board of Certification for Emergency Nursing (BCEN) and the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA). The BCEN offers four certification exams for emergency and emergency transport nurses, including the basic Certified Emergency Nurse exam. All certification exams require an active RN license, and the advanced exams require at least two years' experience. The ENA offers three training courses in pediatric and trauma emergency care (www.ena.org).
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the national average salary for an RN working in a hospital was $69,490, as of May, 2012. Salary can vary depending on the medical setting. For example, nurses working in private hospitals earned a higher wage than those employed in local hospitals, in 2010.
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