Electrical Apprenticeship Programs: Options and Requirements
Electrical apprenticeship programs are available through electrical contracting companies and associations. These programs pay students to learn the skills and techniques required to become a licensed electrician. To learn more about the requirements and options available in electrical apprenticeship programs, read on.
Electrical apprenticeship programs can often be found at technical and community colleges, usually resulting in an associate's degree or a certificate. Students can enroll in a general electrician apprenticeship program or one that focuses on a specific area of electrical work, such as an industrial electrician apprenticeship program. Industrial electrician apprentices are trained to work in commercial and industrial settings performing installations, repairs and inspections. These apprentices typically work with transformers and lighting, motors and wiring systems, motor controls and generators.
Electricians will need at least a high school diploma or GED prior to enrolling in an electrical apprenticeship program. According to the U.S. Department of Labor (www.doleta.gov), apprentices usually need to be at least 18 years old, although some might be able to start as young as 16 years old.
Additional requirements for apprentices will be outlined by their sponsor. For example, some sponsors look at a student's grades, aptitude test scores and prior work experience before admitting them into the program. Apprentices might also be required to fill out an application and interview for the program, a process similar to that of being hired for a job.
Electrical Apprenticeship Overview
Electrical apprenticeships are sponsored by electrical contracting companies, local International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) unions and local chapters of the Independent Electrical Contractors (IEC), the National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA) and the Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC).
Minimum Training Hours
Most electricians train by completing a 4-year apprenticeship program. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, electrician apprenticeship programs include a minimum of 144 hours of classroom learning, along with 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training yearly. Classroom topics include electrical theory, state and national codes, safety, blueprint reading and power controls.
Under the supervision of a master electrician, apprentices perform a variety of tasks including testing switches and outlets, installing and attaching conduit, connecting and testing wiring, drilling holes and setting anchors.
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