Forensic Anthropologist: Job Description, Outlook and Salary
Forensic anthropology is a subfield of anthropology. It involves the study human remains for legal purposes, including police investigations. Forensic anthropologists may face stiff competition despite moderate growth in their career field. A master's degree is typically needed to work as a forensic anthropologist.
Forensic anthropologists work with law enforcement agencies and assist in processing skeletal evidence. They study bones, a field known as osteology, and profile research subjects by gathering information used to determine the individual's age at death, sex and physical condition. Forensic anthropologists may also assist in excavating and relocating human remains, performing dental analysis, determining time of death, assessing trauma to bones and presenting expert testimony in court. They are expected to use scientific standards in their work.
Education and Experience
According to the American Board of Forensic Anthropology (ABFA), individuals need a bachelor's degree in anthropology or a related field and a master's degree in anthropology to meet the minimum requirements to work as a forensic anthropologist (www.theabfa.org). The ABFA suggests these individuals possess a doctorate degree in biological or physical anthropology, meaning prospective forensic anthropologists could spend up to ten years in school for this career. Formal degree programs often include internships, field work and clinical experience.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projected a 19% growth in employment for anthropologists and archaeologists from 2012 to 2022 (www.bls.gov). Despite a faster-than-average rate of increase in jobs, forensic anthropology remains a highly specialized and competitive field with more graduates than available jobs. Other anthropological fields, including archaeology, are expected to have a greater rate of job growth than forensic anthropology. According to the ABFA, most forensic anthropologists maintain full time employment in academia and work part-time as forensic anthropology consultants, while a smaller percentage work as medical examiners or for the military.
The average annual salary for an anthropologist was $60,230 in May 2012, according to the BLS. The bottom ten percent earned $33,330 a year, while the top ten percent made more than $91,140 annually.
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