Copyright

Gynecologic Oncologist: Job Description, Duties and Requirements

Gynecologic oncologists evaluate and treat cancer found in the female reproductive system. They can perform surgery, prescribe therapy and are responsible for related medical procedures. Gynecologic oncologists require eight years of education and training beyond a bachelor's degree and must earn a license to practice. Board certification is also available in the specialty.

View 5 Popular Schools »

Job Description for a Gynecologic Oncologist

Gynecologic oncologists are physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in female reproductive organs. They're trained in a variety of diagnostic techniques and management procedures, such as surgery on reproductive organs, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. They can also perform medical procedures on non-reproductive organs affected by gynecologic cancer treatment such as the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts.

Many oncology professionals work in private practices or clinics, but make regular rounds to their patients who are confined to hospitals. They can also teach in medical schools or perform research.

Duties of a Gynecologic Oncologist

Gynecologic oncologists perform physical evaluations and collect detailed medical histories. In addition to medical duties, they educate patients and their families on various forms of cancer, possible progression and treatment options. Diagnostic techniques that can be employed include staining, tissue sampling procedures and medical imaging.

After identifying normal cells, benign conditions and malignancies, gynecologic oncologists develop a plan for treatment and therapy. Therapy options might include treatment of the related effects of cancer, like shock or renal failure. They could also incorporate nutritional aspects and blood transfusions into a treatment plan. They typically manage nurses and administrative workers, maintain medical records and refer patients to other medical specialists as necessary.

Requirements to Become a Gynecologic Oncologist

Education Requirements

Like other physicians, gynecologic oncologists must complete up to eight years of combined undergraduate and medical school education. They can earn either a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree. After graduation, they must complete a 4-year general residency in obstetrics and gynecology. Following residency, they could continue their residency or seek a fellowship opportunity in general oncology or gynecologic oncology.

Licensure and Certification

Once a general residency is complete, aspiring gynecologic oncologists must pass a national medical licensing examination to practice in any state. Though not required, board certification is available in general obstetrics and gynecology through the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Board-certified physicians can then complete a 3-year residency or fellowship in gynecologic oncology to qualify for certification in the subspecialty. Both certification options require applicants to take written and oral examinations (www.abog.org).

Career Info for Gynecologic Oncologists

PayScale.com reported a median salary of $207,978 for oncologists in general in February 2014. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported an 18% increase in employment for physicians overall throughout the 2012-2022 time period. Job prospects were expected to be best for those physicians specializing in ailments of the baby boomer population.

Show me popular schools

Related to Gynecologic Oncologist: Job Description, Duties and Requirements

  • Related
  • Recently Updated
  • Popular
Become a Surgical Oncologist: Step-by-Step Career Guide

Learn how to become a surgical oncologist. Research the education and career requirements, training and licensure information...

Become a Pediatric Oncologist: Education and Career Roadmap

Find out how to become a pediatric oncologist. Research the education and training requirements, and learn about the experience...

Oncologist: Employment Information & Requirements

Oncologists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, including palliative care. Learn about...

Medical Oncologist: Job Description, Salary and Career Outlook

Medical oncologists are physicians who specialize in diagnosing and treating cancer. They usually lead a cancer treatment team,...

How to Survive Medical School

Popular Schools

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must be a high school graduate or have completed GED
    • Eligibility and relevancy of sample programs below will vary by article and program
    School locations:
    • Online Learning
    • Arizona (3 campuses)
    • California (16)
    • Colorado (3)
    • Florida (6)
    • Georgia (5)
    • Illinois (7)
    • Indiana (2)
    • Maryland (1)
    • Michigan (1)
    • Minnesota (1)
    • Missouri (2)
    • North Carolina (2)
    • New Jersey (3)
    • Nevada (1)
    • New York (2)
    • Ohio (4)
    • Oklahoma (1)
    • Oregon (1)
    • Pennsylvania (4)
    • Tennessee (2)
    • Texas (7)
    • Utah (1)
    • Virginia (3)
    • Washington (3)
    • Wisconsin (1)

    What is your classroom preference?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must be a high school graduate or have completed GED
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    What is your highest level of education?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • A minimum 2.0 GPA
    • Submit high school transcript(s)
    • Submit college transcript(s) (if applicable)
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    Online Programs

    What is your highest level of education?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must complete an application online and submit transcripts for their highest degree earned.
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    What is your highest level of education?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must be 18 years of age or older
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    Distance Learning Programs

    What is your highest level of education?

Other Schools:

  • School locations:
    • California (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Stanford University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Biological and Biomedical Sciences
      • Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences
      • Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
      • General Biology
      • Genetics
      • Microbiology and Immunology
      • Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Biophysics
      • Pharmacology and Toxicology
      • Physiology and Related Sciences
        • Cell Physiology
        • Neuroscience
        • Oncology
  • School locations:
    • Tennessee (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Vanderbilt University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Biological and Biomedical Sciences
      • Bioinformatics
      • Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences
      • Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
      • General Biology
      • Genetics
      • Microbiology and Immunology
      • Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Biophysics
      • Pharmacology and Toxicology
      • Physiology and Related Sciences
        • Molecular Physiology
        • Neuroscience
        • Oncology
        • Pathology
  • School locations:
    • Utah (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at University of Utah include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: Post Master's Certificate, Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Biological and Biomedical Sciences
      • Bioinformatics
      • Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences
      • General Biology
      • Genetics
      • Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Biophysics
      • Physiology and Related Sciences
        • Neurobiology and Neurophysiology
        • Oncology
        • Pathology
  • School locations:
    • Michigan (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Wayne State University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: Post Master's Certificate, Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Biological and Biomedical Sciences
      • Bioinformatics
      • Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences
      • General Biology
      • Microbiology and Immunology
      • Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Biophysics
      • Pharmacology and Toxicology
      • Physiology and Related Sciences
        • Neurobiology and Neurophysiology
        • Oncology
        • Pathology
  • School locations:
    • Wisconsin (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at University of Wisconsin include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Biological and Biomedical Sciences
      • Bioinformatics
      • Botany
      • Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
      • General Biology
      • Genetics
      • Microbiology and Immunology
      • Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Biophysics
      • Pharmacology and Toxicology
      • Physiology and Related Sciences
        • Endocrinology
        • Neuroscience
        • Oncology
        • Pathology
      • Zoology

Popular Schools

Avg. Wages For Related Jobs

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics