Career Education Information for Barbers and Hair Stylists

Barbers and hair stylists require specialized formal education. Learn about the training programs, job duties and licensure requirements to see if this is the right career for you.

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Essential Information

Hair stylists, sometimes referred to as cosmetologists, and barbers are personal appearance professionals who style, cut and color hair. They can work in their own shops, at large salons or for modeling agencies. In addition to good styling and barbering techniques, these individuals need strong marketing and customer service skills to increase their earnings. Hair stylists and barbers generally complete training programs in their field, and in most states they must be licensed.

Career Barber Hair Stylist
Required Education Barber program Cosmetology program
Other Requirements State licensure State licensure
Projected Job Growth (2012-2022) 11%* 13%*
Median Salary (2013) $25,010* $23,140*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Educational Requirements

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), most states require hair stylists and barbers to graduate from a school that is licensed by the state (www.bls.gov). Most schools combine classroom time with practicing on mannequins and live models. Many programs accept financial aid and provide their graduates with job-placement assistance.

Hair stylist programs include coursework in coloring, shampooing, haircutting and styling. Barbering programs include courses on sterilization methods, hygiene and grooming techniques. In addition to techniques, many programs offer a marketing or sales course to teach students the skills needed to build and maintain a client base. The BLS states that most of these programs last nine months or longer.

Licensing Requirements

Most states have licensing requirements that include a minimum number of training hours and an age limit. Some states may have education or apprenticeship requirements. After completing a program, individuals must pass their state's licensing examination.

Career Outlook and Salary Information

The BLS estimated that employment for barbers is expected to increase 11% in the years 2012-2022. Hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists are grouped together, and the BLS predicts a 13% job growth for these workers in the same 2012-2022 decade.

According to the BLS, the median annual earnings of cosmetologists, hairstylists and hairdressers were $23,140 in 2013. The BLS also reported that barbers earned $25,010 as a median annual salary in May 2013.

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Other Schools:

  • School locations:
    • Puerto Rico (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at D'Mart Institute include:
      • Non-Degree: Certificate, Coursework
      • Non-Degree: Certificate, Coursework
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Cosmetology and Related Services
        • Aesthetician and Skin Care
        • Barber and Hair Cutting Services
        • Hair Design
        • Nail Technician - Manicurist
        • Permanent Cosmetics and Tattooing
  • School locations:
    • Wisconsin (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Milwaukee Area Technical College include:
      • Non-Degree: Certificate, Coursework
      • Undergraduate: Associate
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Cosmetology and Related Services
        • Hair Design
      • Culinary Arts and Culinary Services
      • Funeral Related Services
  • School locations:
    • California (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Stanford University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
  • School locations:
    • Massachusetts (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Harvard University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Teacher Education for Specific Subject Areas
  • School locations:
    • Pennsylvania (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at University of Pennsylvania include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: First Professional Certificate, Post Master's Certificate, Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Counseling and Guidance
      • Curriculum and Instruction
      • Educational Administration and Supervision
      • Educational Evaluation and Research
      • ESL Teaching
      • Philosophical Foundations of Education
      • Teacher Education for Specific Levels and Methods
      • Teacher Education for Specific Subject Areas
  • School locations:
    • Rhode Island (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Brown University include:
      • Graduate: First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Educational Administration and Supervision
      • ESL Teaching
      • Teacher Education for Specific Levels and Methods
      • Teacher Education for Specific Subject Areas
  • School locations:
    • North Carolina (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Duke University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Design and Applied Arts
      • Drama and Theatre Arts
      • Fine Arts and Studio Art
      • Musical Arts
  • School locations:
    • Indiana (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at University of Notre Dame include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Teacher Education for Specific Levels and Methods
      • Teacher Education for Specific Subject Areas
  • School locations:
    • Columbia (D.C.) (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Georgetown University include:
      • Graduate: First Professional Degree, Master
      • Non-Degree: Coursework
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • ESL Teaching
  • School locations:
    • Tennessee (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Vanderbilt University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Counseling and Guidance
      • Educational Administration and Supervision
      • International and Comparative Education
      • Special Education
      • Teacher Education for Specific Levels and Methods
      • Teacher Education for Specific Subject Areas

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Avg. Wages For Related Jobs

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics