Hospital Manager: Job Description & Career Requirements

Hospital managers are responsible for making decisions regarding the financing and structure of a hospital. Because health care is constantly changing and new technology is improving everyday, hospital managers need to continue to evaluate procedures and health care efficiency. Keep reading to learn more details about entering this profession.

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Career Definition

Hospital managers work with administrators to plan, strategize and coordinate the health services of a hospital. Hospital managers supervise all areas of a hospital, including physicians, health information technicians, nursing, medical records and more. Managers create many reports to analyze the effectiveness of various departments and work to reach financial goals and maintain budgets. They work to improve the efficiency of care, keep up-to-date on new laws, represent the facility at governing boards and organize records of facility services.

How to Become a Hospital Manager

Educational Requirements

Hospital managers are required to have either a Master of Health Administration or a Master of Business Administration. These programs require students to take courses in financial analysis, management, economics, health care and health policy. Master of Health Administration and Master of Business Administration degrees can be found in colleges of medicine or allied health, while classroom based programs are in colleges of public health or business.

Required Skills

Hospital managers need to understand hospital economics, labor relations, human resources and have proven management skills. Because of the intense paper work and staff interaction, it is important for managers to have strong verbal and written communications skills. Hospital managers must be able to work well with a variety of professionals, from doctors and nurses to CEOs and other executives. They must demonstrate problem-solving and technical skills to find creative solutions for staffing and administrative problems and follow advanced in technology.

Career and Economic Outlook

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) states that with the expansion and increased demand of health care, the job prospects for health care managers are expected to increase 23% from 2012-2022. Hospital managers can find career opportunities in hospitals across the country, and according to the BLS in 2012, the average salary for a manager in a general hospital was $104,680 per year.

Alternate Career Options

Human Resources Manager

With at least a bachelor's degree in business administration or human resources, in addition to related work experience, these managers plan and coordinate a wide realm of administrative functions in an organization, including recruiting and hiring staff, making strategic plans in conjunction with executives, and providing communication between employees and management. As of May 2012, they earned an annual median wage of $99,720 and could expect average employment growth of 13% from 2012-2022, according to the BLS.

Social and Community Service Manager

Some employers look for applicants with master's degrees, but a bachelor's degree in urban studies, social work or public administration, along with related work experience, may be sufficient for many positions. These managers plan and supervise community organizations and social programs providing services to the public.

Faster than average increases in available positions of 21% were forecast by the BLS during the 2012-2022 decade. As of 2012, the BLS said these managers earned an annual median salary of $59,970, with those working for state and local governments, not including education and hospitals, earning the top wages.

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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics