How to Become a Chef Instructor: Education and Career Roadmap
Learn how to become a chef instructor. Research the job description and the education requirements and find out how to start a career in culinary instruction.
Do I Want to Be a Chef Instructor?
Chef instructors train aspiring chefs in high school vocational programs, vocational schools, and colleges. Their daily goal is in the instruction of students, which may take form as lecturing, the assignation of homework, demonstration, and guidance through skill labs. Such instructors will need to develop lesson plans, interact or collaborate with fellow teachers, assess students' skills through exams and demonstrations of abilities, meet with and advise individual students, and stay informed as to the latest trends in their specialty field.
Teachers who instruct at the postsecondary levels generally have flexible schedules and courses' availability will depend on school curriculum as well as personal time allowances. Some office hours, in addition to classroom instruction, may be required. Some chef instructors continue to work as chefs in addition to teaching.
The job requirements vary, particularly for those who teach in postsecondary trade schools, but culinary instructors typically hold at least an associate degree, have several years' experience in both professional cooking and kitchen management and may also hold professional certification. Those who wish to teach at the high school level usually need to hold a bachelor's degree as well as a state teacher's license, although they may able to obtain teaching credentials through an alternative program. The following table contains common requirements for becoming a chef instructor:
|Degree Level||An associate or bachelor's degree is often preferred*|
|Degree Field||Culinary arts is common****, some schools may not specify a field or may accept degrees in hospitality***|
|Experience||3-5 years professional cooking experience, some schools specify that this professional experience be as a sous or head chef *****|
|Licensing and Certification||Instructors in high schools often need a teaching license*; the American Culinary Federation (ACF) offers professional certification as a culinary educator**** and the National Restaurant Association offers ServSafe certification in food handling****|
|Key Skills||Strong culinary, teaching and communication skills**|
|Computer Skills||Experience with instructional software, online distance learning course software***|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **O Net, ***Milwaukee Area Technical College, ****American Culinary Federation, *****Indeed.com job posting (November 2012), ServSafe******.
Step 1: Complete Culinary Education
Many culinary arts schools prefer their instructors to have formal training in the field. An associate or bachelor degree in the culinary arts trains students for working in a kitchen and provides the theoretical and practical knowledge that a chef instructor will need when working with his or her own students. Many community and four year colleges offer both types of degrees.
- Complete an internship or work part-time in a kitchen while in school. Cooking is a hands-on field, so practical experience is important when looking for jobs and qualifying for professional certification.
- Check secondary school teacher requirements. Someone who specifically wants to teach culinary arts at the high school level will need to meet the educational and student teaching requirements for earning a teacher's license. Individuals who are in school should talk to an academic adviser about completing the necessary requirements. Those who have already graduated will usually have to go back to school.
- Take continuing education courses. Additional training in specialized areas, such as ethnic cuisines, special diets or kitchen management can enhance a culinary professional's knowledge, increasing his or her job prospects and documenting his or her knowledge.
Step 2: Gain Work Experience
Culinary schools expect instructors to have substantial work experience, often at the management level. Many culinary schools offer job placement services that can help a new cook find a first job. New cooks who aspire to a teaching career should seek out opportunities to move up in the supervisory and management ranks.
Step 3: Earn Certification
Earning professional certifications could enhance a person's chances of finding work as a chef instructor. Culinary schools often want instructors to hold ServSafe certification in food handling safety as well as ACF certification. Becoming ServSafe qualified requires the completion of a training course and then passing an exam. Different types of ACF certification exist; to qualify for certification, a person must meet prescribed education and professional experience requirements and pass written and practical exams. Those who choose to earn culinary educator certification must also develop a cooking class lesson plan and submit it with a DVD of the instructor teaching the class.
- Complete certification renewal requirements. Both ServSafe and ACS certifications expire, so it's important for chef instructors to renew their credentials by taking continuing education or refresher courses. ServSafe courses are available in both online and traditional classroom formats.
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