How to Become a GIS Specialist: Education and Career Roadmap
Find out how to become a geographic information systems specialist. Research the education and training requirements and learn about the experience you need to advance your career in geographic information systems.
GIS Specialist Requirements
Workers who use geographic information system (GIS) technology to compile and display digital data are known as GIS specialists. These types of mapping specialists use computer programs to create detailed maps and drawings that contain multiple layers of geospatial and other information used in engineering, architecture, government, agriculture and other fields. Individuals interested in becoming GIS specialists need to complete postsecondary education, such as a bachelor's degree program in geographic information systems. The following table outlines the common requirements to become a GIS specialist:
|Degree Level||Associate's or bachelor's degree*|
|Degree Field||GIS technology*, geomatics*, environmental science**|
|Licensure and/or Certification||Certification is voluntary but becoming more common; credentials are available through organizations such as the National Society of Professional Surveyors and the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing*|
|Experience||Four years of experience with computer mapping**|
|Key Skills||Troubleshooting skills*, abstract thinking**|
|Computer Skills||knowledge of technical design applications like ArcView GIS or ESRI extensions, AutoCAD, Adobe Illustrator, Microsoft Access**|
|Additional Requirements||Teamwork*, strong organizational and communication skills**|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **CareerBuilder.com job postings in December 2012.
Step 1: Obtain Postsecondary Training in GIS Technology
Individuals interested in becoming GIS specialists will need postsecondary training due to the advanced computer programs and technology used in this field. Undergraduate certificate and degree programs are available in GIS technology. These programs provide students with the knowledge and skills for entry-level positions. Courses include computer mapping and graphics, technical drafting, principles of geography, geospatial data and technology, cartographic design and digital image processing.
Step 2: Seek Employment
According to GIS specialist job postings in December 2012 on CareerBuilder.com, employers sought applicants for positions within the energy and engineering industries. GIS technicians were needed to develop data models for datasets, develop web-based GIS applications, perform complex integrated computer programming, conduct spatial analyses and produce maps, reports, presentations and other materials. Some jobs required a bachelor's degree in environmental science, GIS, geography or a related degree, along with four or five years of GIS database experience. Other employers sought applicants with just a high school diploma and experience with GIS systems, programs and applications.
Step 3: Obtain a Professional Credential
GIS specialists who want to demonstrate their knowledge and skills for advancement and other career opportunities may obtain professional credentials through multiple agencies. For example, the Imaging and Geospatial Information Society offers certification programs related to mapping, including the Certified GIS/LIS Technologist credential. Candidates must have relevant education and work experience and pass a written exam. Renewal of the certification is required.
Step 4: Pursue Continuing Education
GIS specialists may want to continue their education to improve their career knowledge and opportunities. Graduate-level degree and certificate programs are available in geographic information system technology. allowing workers to research and focus on areas such as geospatial technology development, cartography and visualization or planning and design. These advanced programs also enhance technical expertise in various GIS technology. Some master's degree programs are also available online.
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