How to Become a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist
Learn how to become a marriage and family therapist. Research the job description and the education and licensing requirements, and find out how to start a career in marriage and family therapy.
Do I Want to Be a Marriage and Family Therapist?
Marriage and family therapists help enhance communication and understanding among family members in order to remedy such problems as alcohol and drug abuse or marital stress. Treatment usually takes place over the course of anywhere from 12-50 sessions and combines individual and family therapy.
These professionals may work at mental health centers, hospitals, treatment centers, government departments and postsecondary institutions. Dealing with clients who are suffering from severe familial conflicts may be stressful and demanding. Some therapists must also travel to patient homes to administer treatment.
Aspiring marriage and family therapists will need to be licensed by their state of residence. Typical requirements include a master's degree in a field related to marriage and family therapy. Clinical field experiences are also required, as are passing scores on a state-approved written exam. The following table contains the primary requirements for becoming a marriage and family therapist:
|Degree Level||Master's degree required*|
|Degree Fields||Marriage and family therapy, psychiatry, clinical social work, psychology or a related field**|
|Licensure||All states require licensure*|
|Experience||Two years of supervised clinical experience required for licensure*|
|Key Skills||Good listening and people skills*, compassion*, the ability to think critically and solve problems***|
|Computer Skills||Proficiency with medical software, such as SOS Case Manager and Anasazi Software Client Data System***|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy, ***Occupational Information Network.
Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree
Aspiring marriage and family therapists must first earn a bachelor's degree in order to prepare for graduate school. Most marriage and family therapy graduate degree programs accept applicants with any major, provided they've completed prerequisite courses in such areas as human development, research methods and counseling fundamentals.
These courses are often available in psychology programs. Curricula introduce students to such principles as how attitudes and opinions are formed and changed, how people think and learn, how memory works and how personality traits are identified. Other disciplines that might be beneficial to prospective marriage and family therapists include sociology, human studies or another one of the social sciences.
- Complete field or practical experiences. In addition to counting toward course requirements for undergraduate psychology programs, these hands-on learning opportunities might help students get into graduate school. Some universities report that successful program applicants have work experience in the field.
Step 2: Complete a Master's Degree Program
Marriage and family therapists will need at least a master's degree in marriage and family therapy or a related field, such as psychology or clinical social work. Students should select a program that's accredited by the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy, since this designation ensures that a program adheres to national standards.
Course requirements for these programs cover such topics as couples therapy, human sexuality, developmental science, research methods and systems theory. Curricula will likely take 2-3 years of full-time study and includes extensive clinical practicums and a research thesis.
- Participate in research activities. Some master's degree programs offer students opportunities to be members of faculty research teams. These experiences can help aspiring marriage and family therapists identify an area of interest, whether it be young adult behavior, treatment methods for domestic violence or home-based therapy for couples.
Step 3: Acquire Clinical Experience
Aside from earning a master's degree, all states require marriage and family therapists to complete two years of clinical experience. Marriage and family therapists can meet these requirements by volunteering their services or becoming employed by nonprofit charitable organizations, colleges, private practices or any other agency that provides mental health services. However, this work experience must be supervised by a licensed marriage and family therapist, psychologist or social worker.
Step 4: Pass the Licensing Exam
Once they've completed their education and clinical experience, aspiring marriage and family therapists can sit for their state's licensing exam. Some states issue their own exam, while others use the Examination in Marital and Family Therapy, which is administered by the Association of Marital and Family Therapy Regulatory Boards. This four-hour multiple-choice exam evaluates candidates' knowledge of such areas as client diagnosis, ethical standards and the development of treatment interventions.
Step 5: Complete Continuing Education Requirements
Marriage and family therapist licenses typically last for a two-year period. In order to renew these credentials, therapists will need to earn enough continuing education credits (CEUs). These are available through state-approved workshops, courses or online training programs. Marriage and family therapists can also earn CEUs for their supervising or teaching responsibilities.
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