Journalist: Journalism Career Education Summary
Journalists play a vital social role, conveying news and opinions on topics ranging from politics to celebrities. The education process for a career in journalism could begin with enhancing English skills in secondary school and may continue through a master's degree program in journalism.
Education Summary for a Career in Journalism
Foundational Courses in High School
High school students considering a career as a journalist can prepare for college by taking as many advanced English courses as possible. Aside from providing students with a stepping stone for a career in writing and reporting, advanced placement (AP) English courses may transfer as college credits, giving students an added edge in undergraduate school. Additionally, students can explore options in journalism by writing for their school newspaper or working with their school's news broadcasting program.
Bachelor's Degree in Journalism
Journalism programs teach the principles and techniques of writing, editing and reporting. Students are taught to analyze media topics and write clearly about them. To build research skills, they could be required to investigate topics in foreign affairs and prepare scripts for news shows. Writing courses could allow them to experiment with feature writing for magazines or newspapers. Students could also seek journalism internship opportunities to gain practical experience within the industry.
Not all schools offer undergraduate degrees in journalism. Other relevant majors for students interested in becoming a journalist include English and communications. Like programs in journalism, bachelor's degree programs in English and communications emphasize research and writing. Courses in these programs help students develop the abilities to present facts and argue points. Students could also explore various written techniques to convey message and tone.
College graduates wishing to advance their knowledge in journalism or specialize in a journalistic field, like multimedia journalism, may consider a graduate certificate or master's degree program. Program requirements vary, but often include 2-4 semesters of coursework that cover various topics, from research methods to blogging. Students can choose to study specializations, such as broadcast or investigative journalism, which delve into topics like news program production or technology in journalism.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) anticipated that overall employment of journalists (including reporters, correspondents and broadcast news analysts) would shrink 13% during the 2012-2022 decade. Decreasing numbers of television viewers and newspaper readers are the primary reason for this decline in jobs. The median annual salary of reporters and correspondents was $35,600 in May 2013, according to the BLS.
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