LAN Technician: Job Description, Duties and Requirements

A local area network (LAN) technician provides support and maintenance to local area computer networks. An individual in this position ensures that the network runs smoothly and remains connected at all times. LAN technicians typically require a college degree or technical certification.

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Job Description of a LAN Technician

A local area network provides communication among connected computers, word processors and additional office equipment within a specific area. Technicians are hired by organizations and companies to sustain network productivity and service levels. LAN technicians collect data in order to evaluate network performance, define user necessities, and establish system requirements.

LAN technicians often work outside regular office hours so employee workflow is not disrupted. Individuals may work in large corporations, government agencies, or small business environments.

Job Duties of a LAN Technician

A LAN technician performs various duties depending on the type of position. Typical duties include troubleshooting and performing disaster recoveries, as well as backing up data in the event of possible network issues or malfunctions. The replacement of defective applications and installation of software are also common components of the position.

LAN technicians commonly design and implement virus protection, computer hardware, and system software. The technician is typically required to document all network issues and changes, as well as confer with employees on network problems and solutions.

Job Requirements of a LAN Technician

Educational requirements vary; however, typically include an associate's or bachelor's degree in computer science, information systems, or a related field. A bachelor's degree is more appropriate for higher-level positions, while an associate's degree is often sufficient for entry-level technician jobs. These degrees will provide a solid foundation of knowledge in computer operating systems and networks. An associate's degree commonly takes two years to complete, while a bachelor's degree is typically a four-year program.

A number of employers will often require LAN technicians to hold certification. Industry certifications from Microsoft or Cisco are preferred because the vast majority of businesses employ one of these systems. Certifications can be earned by passing a series of exams and recertification is typically required every two to three years.

Salary Info and Job Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, www.bls.gov), the median annual salary earned by network and computer systems administrators, the category under which LAN technicians fall, was $74,000 in May 2013. The employment of such administrators is expected to grow by 12% between 2012 and 2022, per the BLS.

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