Microbiologist: Educational Requirements for a Career in Microbiology

Microbiologists typically complete at least a bachelor's degree program in microbiology or a related biological science. In order to enter some fields, such as teaching or research, these professionals may need to complete an advanced degree program.

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Educational Requirements for Microbiologists

To become a microbiologist, a person needs to complete a bachelor's degree program in microbiology. These programs introduce students to concepts in bioinformatics, virology and immunology. Microbiology students also take laboratory courses to see firsthand how microorganisms react to different stimuli and behave in different environments. Graduates may work in the pharmaceutical, agricultural or food production industries.

Advanced Degree Options

Students interested in conducting high-level research projects or taking on more complicated work may need a Master of Science or Ph.D. in Microbiology or a subfield like bacteriology. Students in these programs often gain specialized knowledge though advanced studies. Additionally, many students are responsible for planning and conducting research experiments on topics in their respective fields of study. Upon graduation, these professionals may find employment with government agencies, university research departments and private laboratories.

Careers in Microbiology

The field of microbiology is a specialization under the umbrella term biological science. Biological scientists study living organisms and how these organisms interact with their environments. These scientists are found in positions ranging from research and development (R&D) to pharmaceutical drug management. Their roles may include performing experiments to increase the field's knowledge of a particular subject and creating more effective and cheaper medicines.

In May 2012, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that microbiologists' median annual salary was $66,260, with the middle 50% of these workers earning between $48,900 and $92,730 (www.bls.gov). The BLS also noted that jobs for microbiologists are expected to increase 13% between 2010 and 2020.


Specific duties for microbiologists may include monitoring microscopic organisms and studying how they grow. Microbiologists may track the growth of parasites within an organism to observe how the parasite grows or affects the host. These professionals may work with botanists to uncover how different strains of disease affect crops. They may work with environmentalists to check the levels of bacteria in rivers. Other duties of a microbiologist may include compiling data, formulating conclusions and publishing papers.

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    • Columbia (D.C.) (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Georgetown University include:
      • Graduate: First Professional Degree, Master
      • Non-Degree: Coursework
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Biological and Biomedical Sciences
      • Bioinformatics
      • Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences
      • General Biology
      • Microbiology and Immunology
        • Microbiology
      • Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Biophysics
      • Pharmacology and Toxicology
      • Physiology and Related Sciences

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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics