Nursery School Teacher Certification Information
Nursery school teachers instruct students academically while being attentive to the development of social, language and motor skills. Requirements for preschool teachers vary from state to state. Though pre-kindergarten educators are not required to obtain teaching certification, some states require individuals to earn a college degree and a teaching certificate. Teachers typically need a state license in order to provide instruction and child care at the preschool level.
Certification and Licensure Requirements for Nursery School Teachers
Teaching certification is not mandatory for preschool educators. However, almost all states require teachers to earn the Child Development Associate (CDA) credential from the Council for Professional Recognition, demonstrating that they have met national standards of competency and can provide a safe learning environment for children (www.cdacouncil.org). The CDA credential is usually a prerequisite for state licensure and indicates a professional commitment to continuing education. High school graduates with some formal child care education and experience working with children are eligible to apply for the credential.
State licensing regulations regarding educational qualifications differ. In some states, an individual may only need a high school diploma and student teaching experience in order to work as a preschool teacher. However, some states and federally funded programs may require teachers to have a minimum of an associate degree in early childhood education or child development. Since child safety is a primary concern, teachers may be required to obtain certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and first aid.
Nursery School Teacher Education
Because pre-kindergarten programs are not always run by the state, employers' requirements may vary. Some preschools require potential employees to complete their own in-house training program. Teachers who wish to teach preschool-aged children in special education generally need an additional teaching certificate or endorsement.
Associate and bachelor's degree programs in early childhood education focus on theory and methods of learning and development between birth and third grade. Beyond coursework, early childhood education degree programs include a field experience requirement that is met by observing a classroom and supervised student teaching. Once an early childhood education program is completed, candidates are eligible to take an early childhood education exam and receive a teaching certificate. Some of the courses offered in early childhood education degree programs focus on the following:
- Basic teaching principles
- General pedagogical methods
- Student assessment and research
- Theories of play
- Curriculum formation
- Early childhood psychology
Salary Information and Career Outlook
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS, (www.bls.gov), predicts that jobs for preschool teachers will increase by 17% between 2012 and 2022, which is higher than the national average for job growth. Additionally, the BLS reported that the median annual salary for preschool teachers was $27,130 as of May 2012.
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