Post-Bachelor's Teaching Certification and Certificate Information
People who hold a bachelor's degree and are interested in becoming teachers can complete a master's degree program in education or enroll in an alternative certification program (ACP). Both options cover the ideas, methods and subject knowledge necessary to teach elementary or secondary school.
Master's Degree in Education
People looking to earn a master's degree in education have several options. Many schools offer Master of Arts (M.A.), Master of Science (M.S.) and Master of Education (M.Ed.) degree programs. Some programs cover broad topics like early childhood education or elementary education, while others emphasize instructing particular academic subjects to secondary school students. Those enrolled in one of these programs usually complete a student teaching internship as part of their coursework.
Students need a bachelor's degree to qualify for any master's degree program in education. While the undergraduate degree doesn't need to be in education, it is beneficial if applicants' undergraduate major allows them to demonstrate their communication skills. Students interested in teaching a particular subject need to demonstrate aptitude for it in their previous coursework.
The classes in education master's degree programs cover practical and theoretical concepts in classroom management, pedagogy, curricula design and academic assessment. Students wanting to specialize in a subject need to take advanced courses as part of their degree program. The topics in the following list are usually required:
- Educational theory
- Behavior control methods
- Differentiated instruction
- Lesson planning
- Multicultural education theory
Popular Career Options
People who earn a master's degree in education qualify for many teaching and administrative positions. Graduates can work in public or private schools at the primary or secondary levels. The careers listed below are popular options:
- Kindergarten teacher
- High school math teacher
- Private school teacher
Certification and Continuing Education Information
Students who graduate from a master's degree program in education usually meet state teaching certification requirements and don't need to complete other classes or take certification tests. Private school teachers usually don't need to meet the same licensure standards as those who teach public school.
Alternative Certification Program
All states allow teachers to become certified through alternative certification programs (ACP). ACPs teach ideas and skills needed to instruct all student populations and don't usually discuss teaching particular academic subjects. Most ACPs offer courses in evenings and weekends, allowing people with full-time employment to participate. Programs typically require students to complete supervised teaching or observation internships prior to graduation. ACP graduates need to pass a state certification before they can teach.
Admission to ACPs isn't competitive, and all qualified applicants are admitted. Generally, incoming students need to hold a bachelor's degree in any subject to qualify. Applicants must submit copies of their undergraduate transcripts before they can begin their coursework.
ACPs cover most of the same topics as education degree programs in a few condensed sessions. The program themselves can take as little as 30 hours to complete. Students learn about the topics noted below:
- Special education
- Classroom management
- Educational assessment
- Curricula design
Employment outlook and Salary Info
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov) predicted job growth of 13% for all teachers between 2008 and 2018. According to Payscale.com, the median annual salary for teachers with less than a year of experience was $34,407 (June 2010).
Certification and Continuing Education Information
ACP students aren't certified to teach after graduation, but they are prepared to take state teaching certification tests. Most states require ACP graduates to take a general pedagogy test, and those interested in teaching a certain subject must usually take a test in that subject.
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