Pre-K Teacher Certification and Certificate Program Information
Pre-K, or pre-kindergarten, teachers usually teach children ages 3-5. Most states have a number of options for pre-K teacher requirements. Options may include a stated number of hours in post-secondary education (sometimes an associate or bachelor's degree) in child development or early childhood education, a Child Development Associate (CDA) certification or a diploma as a child development technician.
Certifications for Pre-K Teachers
There are several teacher certifications that some states list as acceptable for part or all of the teacher requirements in licensed daycare facilities. These are the Child Development Associate (CDA), and the Montessori Teacher Certification. The education prerequisites and coursework for each of these are quite different.
Child Development Associate (CDA)
The national certification for pre-K teachers is the Child Development Associate (CDA). Available through the Council for Professional Recognition, the CDA is included by all states but one as part of their regulations for licensing childcare facilities. Experience and training are both included in eligibility requirements.
To apply for the CDA, teachers must have a high school diploma or GED. Within the five years preceding the application, they must have worked with children for 480 hours. During that time they must also have had 120 clock hours of approved courses in child care education.
The courses required must be in eight areas, a minimum of ten clock hours in each. These areas are:
- How to plan a learning environment that is safe and healthy
- How to promote a child's intellectual and physical development
- Supporting a child's emotional and social development
- Ways to build helpful relationships with families
- Ways to manage the operation of an effective program
- Practicing professionalism
- Watching and recording behaviors of children
- Principles of how children learn and develop
Continuing Education and Renewing Certification
In addition to passing the required courses, initial certification requires documentation of the applicant's competence, and observation of the teacher in the classroom setting. Following the observation, the applicant is interviewed. The initial certification is good for three years, renewals for five years. In addition to a current First Aid Certification, renewal requirements include 45 clock hours of training (4.5 continuing education units).
Montessori Teacher Certification
Some states list certification as a Montessori teacher among the choices of teacher requirements. This certification requires 1-year full-time study. Several certification levels are available. The one that fits the pre-K teacher is the primary, also called the Casa dei Bambini, for ages 3-6.
In the U.S., applicants to the Montessori teacher training must have a bachelor's degree. This requirement can be waived under certain circumstances.
The primary, or Casa dei Bambini, teacher training course has a set curriculum. Graduate credit is given for the courses. In addition to classroom observation and practice teaching, courses include:
- Developing children's senses
- How children acquire and use basic learning skills
- Language development, spoken and written
- Making materials
- Social and cultural studies
- The Montessori approach, including philosophy, psychology and child development
Montessori programs offer opportunities for continuing education, including conferences and workshops. A list of Montessori training centers can be found on the Association Montessori International/USA website (amiusa.org).
Certificate Programs for Pre-School Teachers
Certificate programs are designed to prepare teachers to meet state requirements for pre-K teachers. Graduates should be able to teach in childcare centers, preschools and similar settings. Because state requirements differ, coursework may also differ accordingly. Some schools offer several certificates to prepare students for different levels of teaching. Students may build their credentials by taking some certificates sequentially.
Most certificate programs for pre-K teachers require a high-school diploma or GED. In some cases applicants can be accepted if they are 18 years old and can demonstrate that they can and will benefit from the program. A few schools require a given level of competency in English and math. An occasional program requires a bachelor's degree and tailors the program for those wishing to change careers.
- Basics of early childhood learning and development
- Developing and guiding creative activities
- Health, nutrition and safety
- Helping family and community to aid and interact with young children
- Math and science activities for preschool children
- Observing children and assessing their readiness and needs
- Planning an appropriate early childhood curriculum
- Planning and directing a childcare center
- Principles and practice of teaching young children
- Teaching children of different cultures in one classroom
A projected increase from 2010-2020 of almost 113,600 preschool teaching jobs was given by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). That is a 25% increase in jobs (www.bls.gov). There is a large turnover in these jobs because preschool teachers leave to take care of family responsibilities, go to college or find a better-paying job. In 2012, the median wage was $13.04 an hour. The lowest-paid ten percent of preschool teachers made about $9 per hour, and the highest-paid ten percent made about $23 per hour.
Continuing education requirements are directed by state guidelines. Employer programs may also have additional requirements. Certificate holders often choose to pursue an associate or bachelor's degree.
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