Sewing & Fabric Alterations: Career & Education Requirements
Sewing and fabric alterations professionals produce clothing and other fabric goods for consumers. While these workers sometimes complete training courses offered through vocational schools or apprenticeship programs, many learn their skills on the job.
Sewing and Fabric Alterations Careers
Sewing Machine Operators
Sewing machine operators usually work for clothing and other fabric goods manufacturers. These workers are presented with pre-cut pieces of fabric and material to sew together using a machine. They may also be responsible for adding buttonholes or fixing stiches.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that employment for these workers is likely to decline by at least 10% from 2010 to 2020 (www.bls.gov). As of May 2012, the BLS indicated the median annual salary for sewing machine operators was $21,270.
Tailors, Dressmakers and Custom Sewers
Tailors, dressmakers and custom sewers are skilled workers who alter, repair and even sew custom garments for their customers. Many work in dry cleaning shops, as customers of these establishments often appreciate being able to drop off a garment to be cleaned and repaired at the same time. They may shorten hems, record alteration requirements on clothing tags and insert padding.
The BLS predicts little or no change in employment levels for tailors and sewers between 2010 and 2020, noting that while many people don't use these services, there is demand among affluent clients and high-end stores for custom sewing and tailoring. The median yearly salary for dressmakers, tailors and custom sewers was $26,280 in May 2012, according to BLS data.
Upholsterers use fabrics to cover furniture and may work to produce new pieces or use their skills to repair damaged items. Working conditions can be dangerous or unhealthy for upholsterers who work with sharp tools, engage in heavy lifting and sit or stand in awkward positions for short periods of time. Common duties for this position can also include locating furniture defects, removing furniture webbing and securing furniture frames.
The BLS anticipates a 4% increase in employment for upholsterers between 2010 and 2020, due to continued demand for refurbishment and repairs of vintage furniture. As of May 2012, the median salary for upholsterers was $29,930 per year.
Education and Training
Many garment workers and upholsterers are trained on the job. For example, sewing machine operators may receive training from other employees or a representative of a sewing machine company. Upholsterers may have the option of completing an apprenticeship, but can sometimes also complete training at a vocational school or community college.
Tailors, dressmakers and custom sewers can begin formal training while in high school, as many schools offer sewing classes to students. Other options include enrolling in a vocational school or community college program that offers training in fashion design, sewing and alterations, such as the certificate in clothing construction or Associate of Science in Apparel Design.
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