Waiter and Waitress Career Information: Becoming a Waiter or Waitress

Learn how to become a waiter or waitress. Research the education, career requirements and experience required for starting a career as a waiter or waitress.

View 5 Popular Schools »

Do I Want to Become a Waiter or Waitress?

Waiters and waitresses, also known as servers, take orders in dining establishments and serve food and beverages to patrons. Specific duties will depend on the type of restaurant. For example, some servers may also greet and seat customers, set tables, prepare drinks and remove dirty dishes and glasses. Some dining establishments have other restaurant employees perform some of these duties. Work can be stressful and hectic during the busier serving hours. Patience might be required when dealing with demanding or rude customers.

Job Requirements

There are no formal education requirements to become a server, and some restaurants will hire workers who are still in high school. High-end restaurants may prefer waiters and waitresses who have a high school diploma and experience in the field. The table below includes the requirements to become a waiter or waitress.

Common Requirements
Degree Level High school diploma preferred**
Licensure and/or Certification Food handler card required in some states*
Experience Experience working in a restaurant may be preferred by some establishments**
Key Skills Communication skills*, customer-service skills*, people skills*, team-oriented*, physical stamina*, detail-oriented**, self-motivated**
Additional Requirements 18 years old for some alcohol serving establishments*

Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS); **Job postings (September 2012)

Step 1: Gain Restaurant Experience

Getting restaurant experience while in high school can be beneficial for those who want to have a career in the food industry. While some smaller establishments may hire waiters and waitresses, while in high school, teenagers may be able to find employment opportunities as dishwashers, hostesses or bussers.

Success Tip

  • Get a high school diploma. While not required to work as a waiter or waitress, earning a high diploma may be preferred by some employers.

Step 2: Complete On-the-Job Training

Once individuals have entry-level experience in a dining establishment, they may apply for waiter or waitress openings. Some restaurants may prefer to hire applicants who are at least 18 years of age to serve alcohol. Newly hired waiters and waitresses may have to go through a training program where they shadow an experienced server and have an opportunity to memorize menu items. Full-service restaurants may have employee's complete classroom training in formal serving techniques, restaurant philosophy and teamwork, along with on-the-job work experience.

Success Tip

  • Acquire more skills. The BLS noted that servers could acquire more skills by completing relevant classes offered by restaurant associations and vocational schools. Outside training programs may delve into topics on improving tips, customer satisfaction, professionalism and problem-solving techniques.

Step 3: Earn Certification

Some states, such as Washington and California, may require servers to complete food safety training and earn a card before handling food that will be served in a public venue. While the requirements can vary by state, servers typically complete a food safety training class and pass an exam. The card may have to be renewed every 3 years.

Success Tip

  • Get familiar with food safety techniques. In states that don't require food safety training, servers may choose to complete optional training offered through associations, such as the National Restaurant Association. In addition to learning how to prevent foodborne illness through proper sanitation, servers demonstrate their commitment to the field by completing additional training.
Show me popular schools

Related to Waiter and Waitress Career Information: Becoming a Waiter or Waitress

  • Related
  • Recently Updated
  • Popular
Waiter and Waitress School and Training Program Information

Waiters and waitresses can find hospitality training at vocational schools and community colleges. However, training is more...

Masters Degree in Customer Service: Program Overview

Read details about master's degree programs offering studies related to customer service. Find out what degree can be earned,...

BA in Customer Service: Bachelors Degree Program Info

Bachelor's degrees in customer service are rare. Instead, the most popular option for those wishing to work in customer service...

Darrin Schultz Talks to Education-Portal.com About Growing Food From Waste

Oberlin College sophomore Darrin Schultz is currently taking steps to help end the problem of world hunger, and it all starts...

New Food Rules for Mexico's Students

Popular Schools

Other Schools:

  • School locations:
    • California (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Stanford University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering
      • Biomedical and Medical Engineering
      • Chemical Engineering
      • Civil Engineering
      • Electrical Engineering and Electronics
      • Environmental Engineering
      • Industrial Engineering
      • Materials Engineering
      • Math
      • Mechanical Engineering
      • Petroleum Engineering
      • Systems Engineering
  • School locations:
    • Massachusetts (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Harvard University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Math
  • School locations:
    • Pennsylvania (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at University of Pennsylvania include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: First Professional Certificate, Post Master's Certificate, Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Biomedical and Medical Engineering
      • Chemical Engineering
      • Civil Engineering
      • Computer Engineering
      • Electrical Engineering and Electronics
      • Environmental Engineering
      • Geological Engineering
      • Materials Engineering
      • Math
      • Mechanical Engineering
      • Systems Engineering
  • School locations:
    • Rhode Island (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Brown University include:
      • Graduate: First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Biomedical and Medical Engineering
      • Engineering Physics
      • Math
  • School locations:
    • North Carolina (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Duke University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Culinary Arts and Personal Services
      • Biomedical and Medical Engineering
      • Civil Engineering
      • Electrical Engineering and Electronics
      • Math
      • Mechanical Engineering

Popular Schools

Avg. Wages For Related Jobs

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Copyright