What Job Can You Get With a Major in Biology?
Employment opportunities for biology majors depend upon a number of factors, including area of specialization and degree level. Graduates holding a bachelor's degree tend to find work in quality control and environmental consulting while those with a graduate-level degree tend to work in advanced research positions or in academia.
Career Options for Biology Majors
Careers in Biology
Biology can be divided into two major areas, botany and zoology. Within these branches are several sub-disciplines, including cellular and molecular, organismal and field biology. Because biology is comprised of many branches and sub-disciplines, career options for biology majors can vary greatly. Biologists specializing in molecular biology may work in biomedical research, medicine, public health or a number of other areas. Biologists specializing in zoology work in areas such as animal behavior, botany, biotechnology, marine biology, forestry and microbiology.
Career options for biology majors also vary according to degree level. Graduates holding a bachelor's degree often work as laboratory and environmental technicians, food and dairy quality control specialists, environmental consultants, greenhouse curators, microbiologists and high school biology teachers.
Graduates holding a master's degree can work as research associates, product developers and inspectors, molecular biologists, assistant professors and environmental project managers. Those with a Ph.D. tend to work in independent research or academia. Job options include biotechnology research scientist, postsecondary professor, assistant professor and scientific researcher.
A degree in biology can also serve as good preparation for careers in healthcare, including positions as a veterinary assistant, dentist, podiatrist or pharmacist.
Salaries of Biology Majors
According to PayScale.com, microbiologists with a bachelor of science degree earned $34,971 annually as of 2010. High school biology teachers earn about $43,616 annually. Bachelor's degree holders with less than a year of experience are at the lower end of the scale, averaging about $34,000 per year. Those with 20 or more years of experience are at the higher end of the pay scale, earning around $72,000 per year.
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