Become an Elevator Technician: Career and Training Requirements
Research the requirements to become an elevator technician. Learn about the job description and duties and read the step-by-step process to start a career as an elevator technician.
Requirements for Elevator Technicians
Elevator technicians install and repair escalators, chairlifts, elevators and other electronic transport equipment. They may also perform preventative maintenance on elevators and other equipment and keep service records. Technicians may be on call to complete emergency repairs. Training for this position typically involves completing a 4-year apprenticeship. Voluntary certification is available. The following table contains the main requirements for elevator technicians:
|Degree Level||No formal education beyond a high school diploma or equivalent is required*|
|Licensure and Certification||Some states require licensure, voluntary certification is available*|
|Experience||Completing a 4-year apprenticeship is typical for elevator technicians*, a minimum amount of work experience is required for certifications***|
|Key Skills||Strong critical-thinking, listening and problem-solving skills are necessary for elevator technicians**|
|Computer Skills||Computerized maintenance system software and troubleshooting software may be used**|
|Technical Skills||Elevator technicians may use tools such as graphic recorders, levels, pressure gauges and screwdrivers**; they may also use testing equipment such as ammeters or voltmeters*|
|Additional Requirements||Physical strength is important since elevator technicians spend much of their time lifting heavy tools and equipment; overtime hours may be necessary when urgent repairs are needed*|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **O*Net OnLine, *** National Association of Elevator Contractors
Step 1: Complete an Apprenticeship
Generally, the first step to becoming an elevator technician is to complete a 4-year apprenticeship program. Apprenticeships provide a mixture of classroom lessons and on-the-job training. Apprentices are typically compensated for on-the-job training. Elevator technicians are paired up with experienced workers, so they may watch and learn the trade before performing work themselves. They learn all of skills necessary to be successful in the trade, including reading blueprints and safety practices. Aspiring technicians can secure an apprenticeship through a local union or business. Apprenticeships may also be offered through colleges and other educational institutions.
- Develop a fitness plan. Elevator technicians often lift heavy tools and equipment. Additionally, they also run the risk of on-the-job injuries, such as falls or muscle strains. Developing a fitness regimen may help to keep elevator technicians physically able to perform their jobs and able to avoid the common injuries of the profession.
Step 2: Obtain Licensure Where Necessary
Several states require elevator technicians to complete a licensing exam to ensure public safety. Exams are usually in a written format and test an elevator technician's knowledge of installation procedures, part specifications and technical limitations. Besides this examination, additional requirements may be mandated depending on the state's licensing procedures, such as paying a fee and meeting educational or experience standards. Aspiring elevator technicians should research the specific requirements for their states.
Step 3: Consider Certification
Employers may look for elevator technicians with certifications that validate a technician's proficiency and skills. For this reason, certification may be helpful when seeking employment, even though it is not mandatory. The National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC) offers voluntary certifications, such as the Certified Elevator Technician (CET) designation and Certified Accessibility and Private Residence Lift Technician (CAT) designation (www.naec.org). In order to earn the CET credential, an elevator technician must complete the CET training program, have 5 years of experience and successfully complete an examination. For individuals interested in earning the CAT designation, completion of the CAT training program, 3 years of experience and passage of an examination is required.
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