Steps to Becoming a Medical Examiner in the U.S.
A medical examiner is a practitioner of forensic pathology who is legally appointed to certify and investigate the circumstances of deaths that don't appear related to natural causes. Unlike a coroner, a medical examiner is legally required to be a medical doctor with a certification in forensic pathology from the American Board of Pathology.
Obtain a Bachelor's Degree
Aspiring medical examiners may find it beneficial to pursue their bachelor's degrees with medical school in mind. This may entail taking courses on such subjects as anatomy, statistics and cell biology, which will prepare them for the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) and for encountering the medical school curriculum.
Complete Medical School
Medical college applicants may be required to submit their MCAT scores, letters of recommendation and college transcripts. They may also be required to apply to the American Medical College Application Service and interview with the college before being considered for admission.
Medical students may expect to confront a rigorous basic science curriculum composed of such courses as anatomy, physiology and immunology. Students may also be required to undergo rigorous laboratory training and lectures in clinical fundamentals, such as patient care, ethics and comprehensive medicine. In the last few years of medical school, students may gradually transition from strict academic settings to more realistic settings, often treating and diagnosing real-life patients under the instruction of practicing doctors.
Fulfill Residency Requirements
After medical school, graduates may be expected to undergo four years of residency training at hospitals and clinics. Aspiring medical examiners, in particular, may be required to base their residency training in anatomic pathology, clinical pathology or both. During this period, medical residents may undergo real-life training in such areas as autopsy, pathology and medical microbiology. They may also be required to conduct research and conference frequently with supervising physicians in such areas as autopsy and pathology.
Acquire Forensic Pathology Fellowship
After completing residency requirements, aspiring medical examiners may be required to accumulate at least another year's worth of experience and knowledge through fellowship programs in forensic pathology. These programs may require fellows to conduct autopsies, investigate actual deaths, attend professional conferences and work with the staff of a local medical examiner's office.
Obtain Board Certification
In order for prospective medical examiners to be board-certified by the American Board of Pathology, they may be required to submit an application for certification in addition to passing a certifying exam. This examination is administered in one day and is computer-based. Candidates may be required to master such areas as pathology, molecular biology, injury interpretation and odontology. Payscale.com reported a median annual salary $67,987 for medical examiners, as of December 2013.
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