Becoming a Preschool Teacher: Step-by-Step Guide
Learn how to become a preschool teacher. Research the job description and the education and licensing requirements, and find out how to start a career in early childhood education.
Do I Want to Be a Preschool Teacher?
The primary responsibility of a preschool teacher is to care for and educate children before they enter kindergarten. Preschool teachers also help children develop language acquisition and social skills. Preschool teachers work in public or private schools, day care centers, Head Start programs, or other child development facilities. Working with this age group can be very tiring and stressful. At this young age, students tend to be quite active and may still have difficulty communicating effectively.
Education requirements vary and range from a high school diploma to a college degree in early childhood education or a related field. Certification or licensure may be required. The following table contains essential requirements needed to become a preschool teacher:
|Degree Level||A high school diploma combined with early childhood education certification may suffice; associate's degree or bachelor's degree preferred in some settings*|
|Degree Field||Early childhood education; childcare*|
|Licensure/Certification||Must have nationally recognized certification, such as the CDA or CCP; preschool teachers in public schools must be licensed*|
|Experience||Work experience with children is usually required to teach preschool*|
|Key Skills||Flexibility, creativity, nurturing demeanor, patience, and strong verbal communication skills*|
|Computer Skills||Spreadsheet software, data entry software, educational software and equipment**|
|Technical Skills||Instructional skills, classroom management techniques*|
|Additional Requirements||Pass background check, have mandatory immunizations, meet minimum training requirements and continuing education credits*|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **ONET Online.
Step 1: Choose Training Suited to Your Goal
Education and training requirements vary depending upon the type of preschool. In childcare centers, preschool teachers are generally required to have a least a high school diploma and certification in early childhood education. Preschool teachers in Head Start programs need to have at least an associate's degree. Associate of Arts (A.A.), Associate of Science (A.S.), and Associate in Arts in Teaching (A.A.T.) programs in early childhood teaching are available. The A.A.T. degree is intended for those who want to transfer their credits to a 4-year degree. An associate's degree may suffice for employment with Head Start; however, by 2013, at least 50% of teachers at Head Start programs must have a bachelor's degree, reports the BLS. Preschool teachers in public schools typically need a bachelor's degree.
- Take advantage of opportunities to work with children outside of formal training. Summer or part-time jobs, hobbies and volunteer roles that involve children can confirm your choice of careers and provide valuable experience.
- Explore different preschool teaching philosophies. There are a variety of preschool educational philosophies that approach early childhood education in various ways.
Step 2: Complete a Degree in Early Childhood Education
A preschool teacher can gain broader employment options by earning a bachelor's degree in education. Common topics covered will include behavior assessment and management, math teaching methods, educational psychology, and reading instruction methods. Education programs require teaching practicum experiences, where students work directly in classroom settings.
Step 3: Earn Teaching Credentials
Many preschools require teachers to earn the Child Development Associate (CDA). In order to earn the CDA, individuals must have a high school diploma, experience in the early childhood education field, and specific coursework. The Child Care Professional (CCP) designation is recognized by some states. The CCP can be earned by teachers who do not have a college degree or teachers who have a degree in a field other than early childhood education. Experience, writing samples, and a credentialing exam are a few of the requirements for CCP.
- Keep your credential current. Teachers have to complete ongoing professional development courses and meet other requirements in order to renew their certifications.
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