Certified Nursing Assistant License Information and Requirements

Certified nursing assistant licensure is a required credential for nursing assistants. Get some quick facts about the training and other requirements necessary to qualify for certified nursing assistant jobs.

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Essential Information

Nursing assistants must be licensed to work in their state. This licensure includes a competency exam, as well as other requirements that vary by state. Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) work in hospitals, doctors' offices, rehabilitation centers, psychiatric wards and nursing homes. Duties differ based on work environment, but commonly include taking vital signs, changing wound dressings and helping patients move around. Individuals must complete a training program to be eligible for state licensing.

Required Training State-approved CNA training program
Exam Requirements Varies by state
Projected Job Growth 21% between 2012 and 2022*
Median Wage (2013) $24,890 per year*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Certified Nursing Assistant License Information

Although licensing requirements vary from state to state, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that all certified nursing assistants (CNAs) required a state-license (www.bls.gov). Some states recognize out-of-state licenses, but others require workers to go through the licensing process again to make sure state standards are met. Common licensing requirements include completing a CNA training program, which usually involves at least 75 hours of classroom lectures and supervised patient-care training. Before taking the licensing exam, applicants are usually required to pass a criminal background check.

Some states also have a tiered licensing system for CNAs, such as a level 1 CNA and a level 2 CNA. In these states, CNAs are restricted on the tasks they can complete based on their licensing level. Other states may require CNAs to file their name with the state registry board after obtaining a state license. Most states require CNAs to renew their licenses by participating in continued education coursework.

According to the BLS, jobs for nursing assistants, aides and similar workers are projected to grow 21% from 2012-2022. May 2013 BLS data showed a median annual salary of $24,890 for nursing assistants.

Certified Nursing Assistant Career Requirements

Training

Individuals who want to enter this career field must complete a CNA training program. Some programs include additional training components to meet with each state's unique licensing requirements. Most training programs consist of coursework such as basic nursing skills, infection control, residents' rights, patient care and emergency medical services. Nearly all programs include clinical experience where students apply what they learned in the classroom to treat real-world patients.

Additional Skills

Since workers provide support to both medical staff and patients, CNAs must have strong communication skills. Not only do CNAs have to listen to instructions from nurses and doctors, but they also have to explain care instructions to patients. CNAs must also communicate clearly in writing as they frequently notate the status of each patient. Good interpersonal skills are also useful for this career field since CNAs work so closely with their patients.

For the most part, CNAs require good stamina to be on their feet all day. Additionally, some upper body strength may be helpful for lifting and moving patients. Daily tasks are often repetitive in this career field, so CNAs need to be capable of accurately performing the same task over and over again.

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