Child Care Degree Programs and Majors Overview
The following article highlights undergraduate and graduate child care degree programs. See prerequisites, program coursework, popular career options and employment outlook statistics.
Most degrees specifically in child care are offered at the associate degree level. Degrees at the bachelor's and master's levels fall under the early childhood education or child development titles. Typical curricula at all levels might include learning methods, multicultural education and child psychology.
Some programs may be offered online, and internships and supervised experiences are important components of both on-campus and online programs. Master's degree programs in child life and child development emphasize research methodologies, classroom management and early childhood learning environments. Graduates might pursue child care-related careers in public or private schools, as well as in Head Start programs or social services agencies.
Associate Degrees in Child Care
Associate degrees related to child care include both Associate of Arts (A.A.) and Associate of Applied Science (AAS) degrees. These programs may carry a variety of names, such as early childhood education, child care and development, child care professional, early childhood management or residential child care. Sometimes there are specializations within the degree, including director, infant-toddler, pre-school or teacher aide.
Generally, the only educational prerequisite for pursuing an associate degree in child care is having a high school diploma or the equivalent. Other than that, most degrees in child care--no matter what level--require a background check prior to student entry.
Child care courses deal with numerous aspects of the discipline, and they often include a practicum that provides the learner with experience in a professional child care setting. Specific course topics for the child care element of an associate degree can include:
- Child development
- Exceptional special-needs children
- Child psychology
- Multicultural education
- Child guidance
- Working with parents
- Practices in education
- Supervised experience
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that in 2010, 22% of all child care workers were employed by child day care centers. Another 15% were hired in private homes, and 30% were self-employed (BLS). Overall, the BLS expects child care jobs to increase by about 20% from 2010-2020 and predicts that job opportunities will be good. Pay is usually quite low, but is generally better with more education. In May 2012, the median annual salary for all child care workers was $19,510, which equates to approximately $9.38 per hour, according to the BLS.
Continuing Education Information
While an associate degree in child care-related subjects generally prepares the student for such entry-level jobs as Head Start teacher's assistants or nannies, going on to receive a bachelor's degree can lead to jobs such as Head Start teacher or management of child care centers. A master's degree can open the field to include teaching child care in a college or university or research regarding the education of children.
Bachelor's Degrees in Child Care
Opportunities to earn a bachelor's degree in early childhood education are easier to find than other bachelor's degrees in child care. However, degrees may be found in early childhood care, child and youth care, child development and child life. Some of the early childhood education degrees may be earned online. The main drawback of online learning is the lack of opportunity for supervised experience as part of the degree program. Thus, online students might need to seek out an internship before landing paid employment.
Some bachelor's degree programs in early childhood education or child development require the college's core liberal arts courses to be satisfactorily completed before applying to a major relating to child care. Most also require an interview with the faculty--in part or in entirety--of the major program.
Much of the coursework required for a bachelor's degree in child care programs varies widely from school to school and is dependent on the focus of the program. However, most programs require courses such as these:
- Child psychology
- Child development
- Early childhood education
- Development of curriculum
- Parenting issues
- Social services
Popular Career Options
Bachelor's degree in child care programs allow individuals to work in all types of settings where child supervision is needed. Some examples are shown below:
- Social service agencies
- Public schools
- Private schools
- Head Start programs
- Pre-school programs
- Day care centers
Master's Degrees in Child Care
Most colleges and universities that have an education department will offer a master's degree in early childhood education. That degree will often offer a choice of several specializations. These can include leadership and supervision, instruction and curriculum, and Montessori early childhood education. These courses prepare future teachers to not only implement curricula, but also to evaluate and design them. They may need to accommodate special needs children into the curriculum. One of the goals is to encourage the natural inquisitiveness of the children and provide ways for them to explore their environment. This degree also prepares the student to teach child care courses in colleges and universities and to assist in educational research projects.
A candidate for admission to a master's program for early childhood education will be required to have a bachelor's degree. Some schools do not specify any topic for that degree; others require that the bachelor's degree be in a subject related to children's education, such as elementary education, early childhood education or child development.
Most master's programs require a minimum of 32-34 credits. Many of the subjects will be the same as those offered on the bachelor's degree level but with more in-depth coverage of the subject. Some schools will require a thesis, but most offer that only as an option. Courses may include:
- Classroom management
- Interventions for special needs children
- Assessing and improving instruction
- Research methodology
- Learning environments for early childhood
- Curriculum development for specific subjects
Professional Certification Information
The Council for Professional Recognition offers its Child Development Associate credential to those who have experience in the field of child development or child care. No specific degree is required to pursue this credential, though the council does set a minimum number of hours of education needed to be eligible for the credential. Additionally, some work experience, also set in clock hours, is required.
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