Christian Counseling Training Programs and Requirements

Christian counselors provide psychological and counseling services from a religious perspective. They work with churches, ministries and religious groups to assess and treat individuals, groups and families.

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Training Requirements and Recommendations

Christian counselors are typically required to have a master's degree in Christian or pastoral counseling, several years of supervised counseling experience and state licensure as a professional or mental health counselor. Some Christian counselors choose to focus on one aspect of counseling, such as mental health, substance abuse or childhood counseling.

Christian counselors should have extensive knowledge of Christian principles, psychology, human services and sociology. They should be patient and able to handle stressful and emotional working conditions. They also must be able to objectively provide counseling and various types of support services for children, teenagers and adults. Additionally, Christian counselors should be able to work with other religious professionals to plan and implement appropriate counseling goals.

Formal Education

Many aspiring Christian counselors enter a master's degree program already holding a bachelor's degree in psychology, social work, human services, theology or a related field. Master's degree programs in Christian or pastoral counseling typically equip students with the knowledge and skills needed to meet employment and licensure requirements set by most states. Ph.D. programs in the field are widely available for those interested in working in academia.

Master of Arts Programs

A master's degree in Christian or pastoral counseling prepares students to become state-licensed professional or mental health counselors. Programs focus on ethical and theological issues in counseling, psychological objectivity and research in counseling and psychology. Students learn to integrate theological and Christian principles with modern psychological approaches to counseling.

Programs typically require 48-60 credit hours and may include courses on Bible interpretation, theories of personality, individual and group psychological assessment, family systems therapy and Christian values. Students generally are required to complete a thesis that demonstrates proficiency in psychological and counseling concepts.

Ph.D. Programs

Doctoral programs in pastoral counseling are intended for Christian counselors seeking research-based, supervisory or teaching positions. Ph.D. programs combine clinical psychological and counseling experience with research studies and professional development. Students learn advanced research methodologies in pastoral counseling and improve their knowledge through supervised counseling experience. These programs may require students to complete a doctoral dissertation, which is often the product of independent pastoral counseling research conducted by the student.

Some theological universities offer combined programs for students looking to obtain a master's degree and Ph.D. in pastoral counseling. Courses typically address the psychological, social and culture dimensions of pastoral counseling through an academic and professional perspective.

Job Experience

Employers typically seek Christian counselors with 1-2 years of postgraduate counseling experience. To gain this experience, counselors work under the supervision of experienced counselors or psychologists in a clinical setting.

Licenses and Certifications

There is no specific licensure for Christian counselors; however, to practice as a counselor of any sort, one must be licensed by his or her state. Licensure requirements vary greatly, but most counselors are required to have a master's degree in counseling and at least two years of clinical counseling experience. In addition, counselors must pass a state-administered counseling exam and participate in annual continuing education programs to remain licensed.

Voluntary certification is also available from the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC). The board grants national certified counselor (NCC) credentials for those who meet the educational and experience requirements, which are similar to many state licensure standards. NCC certification is granted after counselors pass an NBCC-approved exam. Although NCC certification is different from state licensure, some states allow counselors to pass the NBCC exam in place of a state licensure exam.

Workshops and Seminars

Churches and religious organizations sometimes hold workshops and seminars designed for Christian counselors. These workshops focus on presenting counseling services through a defined Christian perspective, which allows patients to learn about Christian values during group or individual counseling. Master's programs in counseling may also offer workshops; however, unless the school is directly associated with a religious organization or school of theology, these workshops generally focus only on psychological aspects of counseling.

The American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC) offers intensive training sessions for counselors to gain technical knowledge of Christian counseling practices. These training sessions focus on mediation in counseling and crisis response. The National Christian Counselors Association (NCCA) also offers training sessions for religious professionals interested in becoming Christian counselors.

Additional Professional Development

Professional development information is available from numerous organizations, including the AACC, the NCCA, Associates in Christian Counseling (ACC) and Christian Counseling Associates (CCA). Each of these organizations offers academic, professional and continuing education resources for Christian counselors. There are newsletters, publications, conferences and online stores where Christian counselors can learn more about religious support and psychological models of evaluation.

Christian counselors can also enroll in a pastoral counseling graduate certificate program. These programs address advanced topics in Christian counseling and allow counselors to advance their knowledge in a short period of time. Most graduate certificate programs require 18-30 credits and can be completed in 1-2 semesters. Courses address topics such as pastoral counseling theology and ethics, theological anthropology and moral development.

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