Education Requirements for Becoming a Lawyer

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a lawyer. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about schooling, job duties and the bar exam to find out if this is the career for you.

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Essential Information

Lawyers advise clients in legal matters. Also called attorneys, lawyers may advocate for their clients and defend them in court. These roles require lawyers to have extensive training in legal procedure, writing and research. After earning an undergraduate degree, aspiring lawyers must complete law school and earn a Juris Doctor (J.D.). All lawyers must pass their state's bar exam to practice.

Required Education J.D.
Other Requirements State bar exam is the equivalent of licensure for lawyers
Job Growth (2012-2022)*10%
Median Salary (2013)*$114,300

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Educational Requirements for a Lawyer

Aspiring lawyers must complete law school. Applying to law school requires graduating from a bachelor's degree program and, in nearly all cases, taking the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). Applicants wanting to specialize in a particular field of law may consider an undergraduate degree in that field. For example, students who want to become tax attorneys might study accounting, while those interested in environmental law may consider majoring in environmental science.

Required Skills

While no particular field of study is required for applying to law school, aspiring lawyers should hone their reading, speaking and argumentation skills while in college. Courses in political science and English may help students advance these skills and provide a medium for presenting facts and arguing positions. Students may also use these classes to strengthen critical thinking skills and prepare for the LSAT.

Law School

Law school students typically study for three years and earn a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree upon successful completion of their degree program. There is no mandated or standardized curriculum, but most law schools provide a comprehensive overview of the field, with courses from civil procedure to property law. Students learn legal writing and are taught to conduct research in legal libraries and online.

After the first 1.5 years, students may begin enrolling in specialized courses like environmental law or bankruptcy law. Students may also apply for externships that allow them to observe and participate in daily legal procedures. Additionally, most programs offer law clinics in a particular field, such as environmental law, in which students work with attorneys to research precedents and meet with clients.

Gaining Admission to the State Bar

After earning a J.D. degree, law school graduates must take and pass the bar exam for the state or U.S. territory in which they plan to practice. Depending on the jurisdiction, the bar exam may consist of several different tests, such as the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE). Most jurisdictions also test applicants on their knowledge of appropriate professional conduct.

Salary and Career Information

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimates a 10% job growth for lawyers in the years 2012-2022. The BLS also indicated that lawyers earned median salaries of $114,300 as of May 2013.

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  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must complete an application online and submit transcripts for their highest degree earned.
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    Online Programs

    What is your highest level of education?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Applicants must have completed 12 college credits
    School locations:
    • Online Learning
    • California (17 campuses)
    • Washington (1)

    Online and Classroom-Based Programs

    What is your highest level of education?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must live within close proximity to school locations
    • Must be graduated from high school by 2011
    School locations:
    • Minnesota (1 campus)

    Classroom-Based Programs

    • Bachelor
        • Bachelor of Science - Criminal Justice Brooklyn Center
    • Associate
        • Associate - Criminal Justice Brooklyn Center

    What is your highest level of education?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must be 18 years of age or older
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    What is your highest level of education?

Other Schools:

  • School locations:
    • California (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Stanford University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Legal
      • Legal Research and Professional Studies
        • Advanced Legal Research
        • Law Degree
  • School locations:
    • Massachusetts (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Harvard University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Legal
      • Legal Research and Professional Studies
        • Advanced Legal Research
        • Law Degree
  • School locations:
    • Pennsylvania (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at University of Pennsylvania include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: First Professional Certificate, Post Master's Certificate, Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Legal
      • Legal Research and Professional Studies
        • Advanced Legal Research
        • Comparative Law
        • Law Degree
      • Legal Support Services
  • School locations:
    • North Carolina (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Duke University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Legal
      • Legal Research and Professional Studies
        • Law Degree
  • School locations:
    • Indiana (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at University of Notre Dame include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Legal
      • Legal Research and Professional Studies
        • Advanced Legal Research
        • Law Degree
  • School locations:
    • Columbia (D.C.) (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Georgetown University include:
      • Graduate: First Professional Degree, Master
      • Non-Degree: Coursework
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Legal
      • Legal Research and Professional Studies
        • Law Degree

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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics