General Education Diploma Information
The General Educational Development (GED) credential, also called the General Education Diploma, is earned by passing a series of high school-level tests in reading and writing, social studies, science and math. In most states, students must be at least 17 years old to take the GED; however, some states allow 16-year-olds to attempt the tests.
What is the General Education Diploma?
The GED is a program of the American Council on Education (ACE), which is the sole developer of the tests. The GED began in 1942, and since then, more than 17 million people have earned their GED credentials, according to ACE (www.acenet.edu).
The GED essentially is offered as an alternative to a high school diploma for students who, for whatever reason, have not graduated from high school. It's available in all 50 states and accepted by 98% of colleges nationwide.
To pass the GED, students must receive an average score of 450 out of a possible 800 points, with no single subject test score dipping below 410. The test is split into the following five sections:
Language Arts: Reading
The student's ability to interpret academic and workplace reading selections is measured through this section. The multiple-choice test consists of 75% literature selections, like poetry and drama, and 25% nonfiction. All excerpts range from 200-400 words, and students generally are asked to restate information, summarize main ideas and explain the implications of a selection.
Language Arts: Writing
This section consists of 50 multiple-choice questions, which must be completed in 75 minutes, and an essay, for which 45 minutes is allowed. The multiple-choice questions test the student's skills in sentence editing, correct word usage and mechanics, such as punctuation and capitalization. The essay judges the student's ability to write an explanatory or informational piece using correct grammar rules.
Students have 70 minutes to complete the 50 multiple-choice questions in this section. This exam tests the student's skills to interpret geographic, economic, historical and civic concepts and principles through writing and visual academic concepts.
Like the social studies section, the science exam tests the student's ability to understand and interpret scientific information provided to him or her. Physics, chemistry, earth and space science are included in this test.
Students may use a calculator to complete this two-part, 50-question test, which is allotted 45 minutes. This test measures the student's reasoning and analytical skills using numbers, charts, word problems and diagrams. Content includes number operations and sense, geometry, data analysis, statistics, probability, algebra, patterns and functions.
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