Graduate Programs in Forensic Anthropology: Degree Program Overviews
Forensic anthropology is the examination of human skeletal remains. Professionals who enter this field borrow philosophies and techniques from osteology (study of the human skeleton) and skeletal biology and relate them to cases involving forensic importance. Individuals who enter forensic anthropology are responsible for identifying skeletal remains for law enforcement, museums and government agencies.
Master's Degree in Forensic Anthropology
A master's degree in forensic anthropology teaches students to identify the remains of human beings by determining their gender, age, stature and ethnic background. Students develop in-depth knowledge of the protocols involved in the recovery of human skeletal materials and learn ways to analyze soft tissue and bone trauma. A graduate program in forensic anthropology teaches students how to examine a crime scene and understand the different stages of human decomposition.
Before enrolling in a graduate program in forensic anthropology, students should take anthropology courses at the undergraduate level. Most graduate programs require a bachelor's degree, a minimum GPA and letters of recommendation. Some programs may look for applicants who have experience in the field.
A master's degree program in forensic anthropology educates students in the theory and practice of biological and skeletal anthropology. Courses give extensive training in the procedures and techniques involved in forensic anthropology and the methods of human identification, including:
- Forensic anthropology techniques
- Forensic anthropology procedures
- Expert witness testimony for the forensic anthropologist
- Anatomy for forensic anthropologists
Ph.D. in Forensic Anthropology
A Ph.D. program in forensic anthropology involves researching, collecting data and analyzing data involved in forensic cases. Many individuals enrolled in a Ph.D. program work as teaching assistants and conduct labs and discussion groups for undergraduate students. Graduates with this degree have an understanding of how populations may have lived and can help identify individuals who died from natural disasters, wars, homicide, accidental death or suicide.
Forensic anthropology coursework often has a hands-on approach. Students gain experience assisting established forensic anthropologists with casework. Topics of study include:
- Water and soil sciences
- Human gross and functional anatomy
- Genetic variation and human evolution
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
Career opportunities are available in government agencies, private crime laboratories, medical examiners offices, museums or in academic settings. Few jobs are available in this field because of the limited number of criminal cases and lack of educational programs that cover this area. Graduates of a Ph.D. program in forensic anthropology can work on forensic cases, teach classes, supervise projects and conduct workshops for law enforcement agencies. PayScale.com shows that the median salary for a forensic anthropologist in October 2013 was about $55,000, while the BLS reported that in May 2012, anthropologists in general made a median salary of $57,420.
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