How Do I Become a Teacher in NC: Education Requirements
Learn how to become a teacher in North Carolina. Research the job description and the education and licensing requirements and find out how to start a career as a teacher in North Carolina.
Requirements to Become a Teacher in North Carolina
Teaching involves instructing students through lectures, demonstrations and discussions. Becoming a public school educator in North Carolina requires earning a bachelor's degree from an approved program and getting certified. After completing an appropriate undergraduate degree program, finishing teacher preparation coursework and passing the required portions of the Praxis exam, one can apply for a North Carolina teaching certificate. In some cases, individuals can follow alternative routes to certification if they meet certain qualifications. The following table contains the main requirements for being a teacher in North Carolina:
|Degree Level||Bachelor's degree is required; some teachers have a master's degree*|
|Degree Field||Education; high school teachers may also major in subject areas, such as English/language arts, mathematics or biology*|
|Licensure and/or Certification||State certification required*|
|Experience||Student teaching experience required for certification*|
|Key Skills||Instructing, speaking, listening, social perceptiveness**|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, **O*Net Online.
Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree
Would-be public education teachers in North Carolina must earn a bachelor's degree and complete an approved teacher education program. The curriculum can differ based on grade and subject level. For instance, kindergarten and elementary school teachers commonly obtain degrees in elementary education. Middle school teachers may major in secondary education, and are expected to teach in two of the four following areas: language arts, social studies, science and mathematics. High school teachers normally major in a particular discipline in conjunction with completing a teacher training curriculum. Aspiring teachers must also complete a student teaching experience, where they teach classes under the guidance of a certified educator.
Master's degree options are available for those who already have a bachelor's degree in a subject other than education. Aspiring teachers in North Carolina can make up for their lack of education training in other bachelor's degree programs by enrolling in a master's degree program that includes student teaching experiences and teaching courses.
- Find opportunities to work with children. Future teachers can tutor or mentor children in the same age group as those they would like to teach to gain experience.
Step 2: Attain Standard Professional 1 Licensure
After graduating from a teacher education program approved by the state board, the next step is to apply for North Carolina teacher certification. The Standard Professional 1 (SP1) Professional Educator's License is intended for North Carolina educators with two or fewer years of work experience. This certificate is valid for three years. Those who fulfilled licensure requirements in a state other than North Carolina can submit an application for the SP1 license if they have been defined as 'Highly Qualified', meaning they are a licensed educator, have a bachelor's degree and are proficient in the subject matter they teach.
Step 3: Attain Standard Professional 2 Licensure
The Standard Professional 2 (SP2) Professional Educator's License is for teachers with three or more years of experience. Teachers from a different state who are determined to be 'Highly Qualified' with a minimum of three years of experience may enter an application for the SP2 if they have either a National Board Certification or meet North Carolina's Praxis Testing requirements, which include a pre-professional and subject-based examination.
A SP2 license needs to be renewed every five years for a teacher to maintain his or her eligibility for employment. Licenses can be renewed by achieving continuing education credits, which include teaching experience, university coursework and approved workshops. Teachers instructing grades K-12 need to complete a minimum of 7.5 credits to renew their license.
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