How to Be a Film Director
Research the requirements to become a film director. Learn about the job description and duties and read the step-by-step process to start a career in film directing.
Requirements to Become a Film Director
A film director visualizes how a script can be brought to life and oversees the technical aspects of making a film. They tell cast and crew members in a production what to do and oversee the overall production process. These individuals must be able to manage large groups of people.
Becoming a film director may include attending film school and working up from a production assistant or lower-level team member. Not all aspiring directors find success in the industry. The following table outlines common requirements to become a film director as reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS):
|Degree Level||Varies; many directors have a bachelor's degree|
|Degree Field||Film, acting, communication, journalism or another related program|
|Experience||1-5 years of work experience in a related profession, such as acting or film editing|
|Key Skills||Strong verbal and written communication skills, leadership skills, creativity, management skills|
|Technical Skills||Familiarity with equipment used on a film set, such as recording equipment|
Step 1: Earn Bachelor's Degree
Although not required for all positions, individuals can benefit from formal training through bachelor's degree programs in film, communications or other related majors. Attending an undergraduate program will give an aspiring director the opportunity to learn essential skills and work under the supervision of mentors.
Film programs typically explore additional areas of filmmaking, such as editing, cinematography, production and acting. Many programs emphasize hands-on learning by having students practice techniques with equipment similar to what they'll be using in the industry. Students may also consider majoring in communications programs with a concentration in film.
- Begin creating a portfolio. According to the BLS, employers look for creative instincts and innate talent in potential directors. A creative portfolio showcases an individual's abilities to direct videos, plays and other productions. Many undergraduate programs require the submission of a portfolio for admission. As a student advances through school, they may add onto their portfolios or improve existing work.
- Participate in an internship. Aspiring directors can intern with production crews, entertainment corporations and similar institutions to gain first-hand experience working in the industry. An internship can also provide valuable networking connections to help an aspiring director get ahead after graduation.
Step 2: Consider Graduate Film Studies
Graduate film studies allow students greater freedom and the opportunity to focus on their professional and creative interests. Programs accept students who don't have an undergraduate degree in film studies, but may require a creative portfolio among the admission materials. Similar to bachelor's programs, graduate programs involve hands-on learning in screenwriting, producing and directing. Many programs have faculty members and guests lecturers who are active in the industry.
Step 3: Gain Experience and Advance
Many directors have experience as actors, writers or other members of the production team. Because film directing is such a competitive job field, prospective directors need experience working on sets, as well as connections in the industry. Many directors debut on small independent films, commercials or promotional content and advance with experience. The BLS reports that many directors have to work multiple jobs early in their careers in order to maintain financial stability.
- Join a professional organization. Professional organization for directors, such as the Directors Guild of America (DGA), can provide directors with a variety of benefits to help them advance in their careers. Benefits include networking opportunities, employment listings and more.
- Continue education. Film directors can continue learning through on-the-job training as they advance in their careers. Additionally, film directors may attend one-day workshops and seminars to stay current with the latest trends in the industry.
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