How to Become a Broadcaster: Education and Career Roadmap
Research the requirements to become a broadcaster. Learn about the job description and duties and read the step-by-step process to start a career in broadcasting.
Job Description and Requirements for Becoming a Broadcaster
Broadcasters report news stories and typically focus on one entertainment medium, such as radio or television. Job tasks can include everything from production design to anchoring a news broadcast. Broadcasters may work as on-air personalities, perform voice-overs or write and direct news stories. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), most positions generally require a bachelor's degree in communications or journalism. The following table contains the core requirements for becoming a broadcaster as reported by the BLS:
|Degree Level||Bachelor's degree required for most positions|
|Degree Field||Broadcasting, journalism, communications|
|Experience||Experience from working at college newspapers or radio stations may be required; internships can provide beneficial on-the-job training|
|Key Skills||Communication skills, interpersonal skills, ability to work with others, able to maintain objectivity, persistence and stamina|
|Computer Skills||Able to use various software programs to write stories or conduct research|
Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree
The minimum education required for most entry-level broadcasting jobs is a bachelor's degree. Although employers may prefer candidates who have a communications or journalism degree, broadcasters may be able to find a job with a degree in a related field like political science.
Coursework in a broadcasting degree program may include mass media writing, photography, television production, radio production and news writing. For students who wish to pursue a specialty, some degree programs offer concentrations in news and editorials, television or radio.
- Complete an internship. Most schools that offer a broadcasting or related degree program allow students to complete an internship in their preferred area of emphasis. This may mean working at a local cable access station or radio station. These internships are critical in helping students gain an understanding of what it's really like to work in broadcasting.
- Take a diverse range of electives. Broadcasters are often required to cover all types of news stories, so they might benefit from elective courses covering different cultures, religions and governments. Having an in-depth understanding of different places and people may be especially important for broadcasters who hope to work with international news stories.
Step 2: Find an Entry-Level Position
Breaking into the broadcasting business can be challenging, especially since there are fewer TV and radio stations in most major markets in the United States. Students should be prepared to begin their careers as production assistants before working their way up to on-air broadcasting positions. Experience and a good work ethic can be important factors that employers look at before granting interviews. The BLS also noted that the best job opportunities were likely to be found at smaller, local news outlets, so aspiring broadcasters may need to spend a couple years working in a smaller town before they can obtain a position at a large news business in a city.
- Become proficient using Internet news technologies. Even though overall demand for broadcasters may only be average compared to all occupations, the BLS noted that online news outlets like podcasts were expected to increase in popularity. Broadcasters who are comfortable using Internet news tools may have an advantage over job candidates who don't have skills using these technologies.
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