Licensed Professional Counselor Education Requirements and Duties
Licensed professional counselors examine patients through therapy and other means to help them resolve their problems. Individuals interested in this profession will need a graduate degree plus state licensure.
Licensed Professional Counselor Education Requirements
Most licensed professional counseling jobs require the minimum of a master's degree. Prior to attending graduate school, students complete a bachelor's program in psychology or a related major. Undergraduate programs may include coursework in human development, assessment, foundations of behavior and statistics. Some programs offer elective courses relevant to specific counseling professions.
Master's degree programs specific to major counseling professions, such as marriage and family therapy or school counseling, are available. These curricula include counseling techniques, research models and statistics. Students are required to complete clinical experience by working in the field under licensed supervisors. Programs may base their curricula off of state requirements.
While standards vary by state, many counseling professions are regulated. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), common state requirements are a master's degree, passing score on a licensing exam and professional experience (www.bls.gov). In addition to gaining licensure, many states have continuing education standards that counselors must meet to remain eligible.
The National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC) certifies counselors who pass a certifying examination as National Certified Counselors (www.nbcc.org). Some states use this exam as their licensing examination. The NBCC also offers specialty certifications in areas like mental health and addictions. These certifications come with continuing education requirements.
Licensed Professional Counselor Job Duties
Counselors work in a variety of concentrations, including school, family, substance abuse and mental health. While each specialty has its own duties, most counselors conduct individual or group therapy sessions to identify their patient's problematic issues. According to the American Counseling Association, counselors examine a patient's thoughts, feelings and behaviors to create a plan for improvement (www.counseling.org). They may refer a case to a psychologist, psychiatrist or other professional if a situation warrants it.
Counselors need strong communication skills, especially during therapy sessions. They need to be ethical and comfortable in stressful situations. Counselors may interact with individuals closely related to a patient, such as friends or parents.
Salary and Employment Information
According to the BLS, the major group of professional community and social service occupations, which includes school, vocational, mental health, substance abuse and rehabilitation counselors, among many other closely related professions, earned an average salary of $44,240 per year. The percentile range of salaries for all of these professions begins at about $23,310 and ends at around $71,460 per year. The BLS offers several different job growth statistics for professional counselors, which is broken down by the specific industry of employment. As an example, employment of school and career counselors is expected to increase by 19% between 2010 and 2020, which is as fast as the national average for all occupations.
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