Masters in Medical Science: Degree Program Overviews

Research master's degrees in medical science. Learn about the types of degrees offered, specializations available, coursework required, and the continuing education and career opportunities afforded graduates.

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Essential Information

Graduate degree programs in medical science may lead to a Master of Arts (M.A.) in Medical Sciences, Master of Science (M.S.) in Medical Sciences and Master of Medical Science (MMS). Students can choose either a pre-professional track that prepares them to enter a health professional school, such as medical school, or a research track that provides them with knowledge and skills to pursue a career in medical research or continue on to a Ph.D. program.

Many programs are offered with a variety of specializations directly related to positions in the medical field, such as women's health, molecular medicine, pharmacology, aging and neuroscience, medical nutrition science, behavioral medicine or clinical investigation; some specializations require the completion of a dual degree. Some are 1-year programs; others add a second year of supervised research. A bachelor's degree, among other admission requirements, is necessary to enter medical science graduate degree programs.

Educational Prerequisites

All programs require a bachelor's degree, which can be in any field of study as long as the applicant took enough undergraduate courses in science and math, like biology, chemistry and physics. Schools may require an overall GPA of at least 3.0 plus a grade of 3.0 for all science courses. For those students entering the pre-professional programs, admission requires the MCAT, and some schools require scores ranging from 24-27. Some schools may allow students entering the research track programs to take either the MCAT or GRE to satisfy admission criteria.

Program Coursework

The purpose of the program dictates the courses. However, all of these degrees are built around a core of science courses that include most, if not all, of the following classes on an advanced level:

  • Biochemistry and cell biology
  • Developmental biology
  • Neurobiology
  • Molecular biology
  • Biostatistics
  • Anatomy and physiology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology

Popular Career Options

Master's programs in medical science typically do not prepare students to enter a career upon graduation; rather, they prepare them to enter professional health care programs or research-oriented doctoral programs. Some careers that graduates can attain once they complete further training at the doctoral level are:

  • Medical doctor
  • Pharmacologist
  • Medical research scientist
  • Dentist

Continuing Education

Graduates of master's degree programs in medical science can choose to continue their studies with specialized doctoral programs. For example, they may focus on cell biology and pathology, immunology or cardiovascular disease in a Ph.D. program. Aspiring doctors can enter medical school to earn an M.D. degree or enter a program that offers a combination of an M.D. with a specialized Ph.D. program. Graduates could also apply to dental, veterinary, physical therapy or pharmacology programs.

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