Masters in Medical Science: Degree Program Overviews

Research master's degree programs in medical science. Learn about the types of degrees offered, specializations available, coursework required, and continuing education and career opportunities afforded graduates.

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Essential Information

Graduate degree programs in medical science might lead to a Master of Arts (M.A.), Master of Science (M.S.) or Master of Medical Science (MMS). Students can choose a pre-professional track that prepares them to enter a professional school, such as medical or dental school, or a research track that provides them with knowledge and skills to pursue a career in medical research or continue on to a Ph.D. program.

Many programs are offered with a variety of specializations directly related to positions in the medical field, such as women's health, molecular medicine, pharmacology, aging and neuroscience, medical nutrition science, behavioral medicine or clinical investigation; some specializations require completion of a dual degree. Some are 1-year programs; others add a second year of supervised research. A bachelor's degree, among other admission requirements, is necessary to enter medical science graduate degree programs.

Educational Prerequisites

All programs require a bachelor's degree, which can be in any field of study as long as the applicant took enough undergraduate courses in science and math, like biology, chemistry and physics. Schools may require an overall GPA of at least 3.0 plus a grade of 3.0 for all science courses. For those students entering the pre-professional programs, admission requires the MCAT, and some schools require scores ranging from 24-27. Some schools may allow students entering the research track programs to take either the MCAT or GRE to satisfy admission criteria.

Program Coursework

The purpose of the program dictates the courses. However, all of these degrees are built around a core of science courses that include most, if not all, of the following classes on an advanced level:

  • Biochemistry and cell biology
  • Developmental biology
  • Neurobiology
  • Molecular biology
  • Biostatistics
  • Anatomy and physiology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology

Popular Career Options

Master's programs in medical science typically do not prepare students to enter a career upon graduation; rather, they prepare them to enter professional health care programs or research-oriented doctoral programs. Some careers that graduates can attain once they complete further training at the doctoral level are:

  • Medical doctor
  • Pharmacologist
  • Medical research scientist
  • Dentist

Continuing Education

Graduates of master's degree programs in medical science can choose to continue their studies with specialized doctoral programs. For example, they may focus on cell biology and pathology, immunology or cardiovascular disease in a Ph.D. program. Aspiring doctors can enter medical school to earn an M.D. degree or enter a program that offers a combination of an M.D. with a specialized Ph.D. program. Graduates could also apply to dental, veterinary, physical therapy or pharmacology programs.

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Popular Schools

Other Schools:

  • School locations:
    • Pennsylvania (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at University of Pennsylvania include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: First Professional Certificate, Post Master's Certificate, Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Medical and Health Professions
      • Dental
      • Medical Administrative Services
      • Medical Ethics and Bioethics
      • Medical Residency Programs
      • Mental Health Services
      • Nursing Professions
      • Public Health and Safety
        • Environmental Health
        • Medical Scientist
        • Public Health Medicine, Treatment
      • Veterinary Medicine and Clinical Sciences
  • School locations:
    • Tennessee (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Vanderbilt University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Medical and Health Professions
      • Communication Disorders Sciences
      • Medical Administrative Services
      • Medical Residency Programs
      • Nursing Professions
      • Public Health and Safety
        • Health Physics
        • Medical Scientist
  • School locations:
    • Massachusetts (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Boston University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Post Degree Certificate: First Professional Certificate, Post Master's Certificate, Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Medical and Health Professions
      • Clinical Laboratory Science Professions
      • Communication Disorders Sciences
      • Dental
      • Medical Administrative Services
      • Medical and Health Preparatory Sciences
      • Medical Diagnostic and Treatment Professions
      • Medical Residency Programs
      • Mental Health Services
      • Nutrition Services
      • Public Health and Safety
        • Environmental Health
        • Maternal and Child Health
        • Medical Scientist
      • Therapeutic and Rehabilitation Professions
  • School locations:
    • Iowa (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at University of Iowa include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Medical and Health Professions
      • Clinical Laboratory Science Professions
      • Communication Disorders Sciences
      • Dental
      • Health and Fitness
      • Medical Diagnostic and Treatment Professions
      • Medical Residency Programs
      • Mental Health Services
      • Nursing Professions
      • Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration
      • Public Health and Safety
        • Community Health and Preventive Medicine
        • Environmental Health
        • Health Services Administration
        • Medical Scientist
        • Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene
      • Therapeutic and Rehabilitation Professions

Popular Schools

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