Nurse's Aide Education Requirements and Career Information
Nurse's aides, also known as nursing assistants, provide basic nursing and personal care to patients. To enter the career field, prospective nurse's aides often pursue formal education and must be licensed to work in nursing care facilities.
All prospective nurse's aides need to have a high school-level education. Nurse's aides can complete a nursing assistant certified program to gain the knowledge and skills necessary to work in the field. In some cases, nurse's aides may receive on-the-job training in place of formal education. Additional state laws and employer requirements may vary.
Certified Nursing Assistant Program
A certified nursing assistant program (CNA) prepares students to provide daily patient care to those in need. These programs are available through community colleges and vocational schools. Applicants to CNA programs must receive immunizations and undergo a background check before enrolling. Some programs may also require applicants to hold a current CPR certification card.
Most CNA programs include a clinical experience component. This education provides students with an opportunity to gain hands-on experience while under the supervision of a licensed health care professional. These programs can usually be completed in a semester or less. Common courses may include:
- Human anatomy
- Medical terminology
- Basic nursing care
- Basic home care
- Basic personal care
- Patient interaction and communication
Upon successful completion of their educational programs, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that prospective nurse's aides must take a competency exam in order to become certified. Individual states may also have other certification requirements, such as continuing education.
Nurse's aides work in hospitals and nursing homes, while the similar-titled home health aides work in patient homes. A nurse's aide's duties occur under the supervision of a health care professional, such as a licensed or registered nurse. Their job duties may include:
- Dressing, bathing and feeding patients
- Changing bandages and linens
- Helping patients get out of bed or move about
- Taking patients' temperature, blood pressure and pulse
- Offering patients emotional support
Career Outlook and Salary Info
The BLS anticipated a 21% increase in the employment of nursing assistants from 2012-2022 (www.bls.gov). The best employment opportunities were expected to exist with nursing homes and residential-care facilities. Employment prospects would also be strong in home health services and community rehabilitation facilities.
In May 2013, the BLS reported that the median hourly wage for nursing assistants, including nurse's aides and attendants, was $11.97. However, the highest-paid ten percent earned $17.20 or more an hour.
Nurse's aides have little career mobility without completing additional education. Those who opt to pursue more education often enter undergraduate nursing programs to become a licensed vocational nurse or registered nurse.
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