Oral Hygienist Education Requirements and Career Information

Oral hygienists, also called dental hygienists, work in dentist's offices, where they clean patients' teeth and provide other preventative dental care. Both a state license and a degree from an accredited dental hygiene school are required for the job.

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Essential Information

Oral hygienists, also called dental hygienists, work in dentist's offices, where they clean patients' teeth and provide other preventative dental care. Both a state license and a degree from an accredited dental hygiene school are required for the job. An associate's degree is most common degree held by dental hygienists, but bachelors and master's degrees in the field as also offered. Associate's degree programs include courses in anatomy, radiography and periodontology. Students develop clinical skills through labs and practical experience. In addition to completing an approved training program, applicants for licensing must pass examinations of their skills and knowledge.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), jobs in dental hygiene were expected to grow at a much faster rate than average for all occupations over the next few years. In 2013, the BLS noted, median salaries for hygienists were about $70,000.

Required Education Associate's degree or higher in dental hygiene
Other Requirements All states require licensing.
Projected Job Growth33% from 2012-22*
Median Salary $71,110 (2013)*

Sources: * U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Education Requirements

Most oral hygienists hold an associate's degree in dental hygiene. Generally, an associate's degree is the minimum qualification requirement for state licensure in the field and is also the standard education for individuals aspiring to work in a dentist's office. Dental hygiene students take classes in chemistry, anatomy, microbiology, radiography, periodontology, pathology and clinical dental hygiene. Most programs combine classroom learning with laboratory and clinical work.

Bachelor's and master's degree programs are also available in the field of dental hygiene. These degree programs are designed for individuals who are interested in pursuing research or teaching positions. They are also ideal for those individuals who aspire to offer educational programs in dental hygiene in public schools or community clinics. Such programs often offer advanced courses in dental hygiene procedures and prevention, as well as focus on laboratory and clinical work.

Licensing Requirements

All 50 states and the District of Columbia require oral hygienists to be licensed. While each state's licensing requirements are unique, the majority require candidates to hold a degree from an accredited dental hygiene school. Most states also require aspiring oral hygienists to pass written and clinical examinations. Sometimes an examination on the legal aspects of the dental practice is also administered.

Career Information

According to the BLS, the median annual salary of oral hygienists was $71,110 in May 2013 (www.bls.gov). The lowest ten percent made less than $47,880 and the highest-paid ten percent earned more than $96,690.

According to the BLS, employment of oral hygienists is projected to grow 33% between 2012 and 2022, a rate which is much faster that the average for all U.S. occupations. Job growth is spurred primarily by a growing population and continuing research that links physical health with oral health.

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